Back to top

The Northern Homily Cycle: Bibliography

Acta Sanctorum. Ed. Johannes Bollandus. Antwerp: Joannem Mevrsium, 1643–1940.

Aitken, Marion Y. H. Étude sur le Miroir ou les évangiles des domnées de Robert Gretham. Suivie d’extraits inédits. Paris: H. Champion, 1922.

An Alphabet of Tales. Ed. Mary Macleod Banks. EETS o.s. 126–27. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trüb­ner & Co., 1904–05.

Anchor Bible Dictionary. Ed. David Noel Freedman. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Anderson, Andrew Runni. Alexander’s Gate, Gog and Magog, and the Inclosed Nations. Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy of America, 1932.

Arndt, William F. Bible Commentary: The Gospel according to Saint Luke. St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing, 1956.

Athanasius. The Life of Antony and the Letter to Marcellinus. Trans. Robert C. Gregg. New York: Paulist Press, 1980.

Aubrey, John. Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme. Ed. James Britten. London: W. Satchell, Peyton, and Co., 1881.

Augustine. The City of God. Trans. George E. McCracken. 7 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963–72.

———. On Christian Doctrine. Trans. D. W. Robertson. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1958.

Beare, Francis Wright. The Gospel according to Matthew: Translation, Introduction and Commentary. Oxford: Blackwell, 1981.

The Venerable Bede. Bedae Venerabilis Opera: In Lucae Evangelium Expositio, In Marci Evangelium Expo­sitio. Ed. D. Hurst. Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina, v. 120. Turnholt: Brepols, 1960.

Bede the Venerable. Homilies on the Gospels. Trans. Lawrence T. Martin and David Hurst. 2 vols. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1991.

Bédier, Joseph. Les Fabliaux: Études de littérature populaire et d’historie littéraire du Moyen Age. Paris: Émile Bouillon, 1893.

Biller, Peter, and A. J. Minnis, eds. Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages. York: York Medieval Press, 1998.

Bisson, Lillian M. Chaucer and the Late Medieval World. London: Macmillan, 1998.

Black, William Henry. A Descriptive, Analytical, and Critical Catalogue of the Manuscripts bequeathed unto the University of Oxford by Elias Ashmole, esq., M.D., F.R.S., Windsor Herald, Also of Some Additional MSS. Contributed by Kingley, Lhuyd, Borlase, and Others. Oxford: Oxford Univer­sity Press, 1845–66.

Blumreich, Kathleen. The Middle English Mirror. Turnholt: Brepols, 2003.

Bolton, J. L. The Medieval English Economy 1150–1500. London: J. M. Dent and Sons, 1980.

Boyle, Leonard E. “The Fourth Lateran Council and Manuals of Popular Theology.” In The Popular Literature of Medieval England. Ed. Thomas J. Heffernan. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985. Pp. 30–43.

———. Pastoral Care, Clerical Education and Canon Law, 1200–1400. London: Variorum Reprints, 1981.

Breeze, Andrew. “The Blessed Virgin and the Sunbeam through Glass.” Celtica 23 (1999), 19–29.

Bremond, Claude, Jacques Le Goff, and Jean-Claude Schmitt. L’“Exemplum.” Turnholt: Brepols, 1982.

Breviarium ad Usum Insignis Ecclesiae Sarum. Ed. Francis Procter and Christopher Wordsworth. 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1879–96.

Brooke, Rosalind B., and Christopher N. L. Brooke. Popular Religion in the Middle Ages: Western Europe 1000–1300. London: Thames and Hudson, 1984.

Brown, Carleton Fairchild. A Register of Middle English Religious and Didactic Verse. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1916–20.

Brundage, James A. “Playing by the Rules: Sexual Behavior and Legal Norms in Medieval Europe.” In Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West. Ed. Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996. Pp. 23–41.

Buckley, Susan L. Teachings on Usury in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2000.

Bullough, Vern L. “Cross Dressing and Gender Role Change in the Middle Ages.” In Handbook of Medieval Sexuality. Ed. Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage. New York: Garland, 1996. Pp. 223–42.

———. “Introduction: The Christian Inheritance.” In Bullough and Brundage. Pp. 1–12.

Bullough, Vern L., and James Brundage, eds. Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church. Buffalo, NY: Prome­theus Books, 1982.

Burrow, J. A. The Ages of Man: A Study in Medieval Writing and Thought. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Carver, James E. The Northern Homily Cycle. Ph.D. dissertation. New York University, 1938.

———. “The Northern Homily Cycle, and Missionaries to the Saracens.” Modern Language Notes 53 (1938), 258–61.

Catena Aurea: Commentary on the Four Gospels Collected out of the Works of the Fathers. Ed. John Henry Newman. 4 vols. 1841. Rpt. Southampton: Saint Austin Press, 1997.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Riverside Chaucer. Third Edition. Ed. Larry D. Benson. Boston: Houghton Miff­lin, 1987.

Chrétien de Troyes. The Complete Romances of Chrétien de Troyes. Trans. David Staines. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Constable, Giles. “Eremitical Forms of Monastic Life.” In Monks, Hermits and Crusaders in Medieval Europe. London: Variorum Reprints, 1988. V: 239–264.

Copeland, Rita. “Confessional Texts.” In Wallace. Pp. 390–406.

Cranfield, C. E. B. The Gospel according to Saint Mark: An Introduction and Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1950.

Curry, Walter Clyde. The Middle English Ideal of Personal Beauty; As Found in the Metrical Romances, Chronicles, and Legends of the XIII, XIV, and XV Centuries. Baltimore, MD: J. H. Furst Company, 1916.

Cursor Mundi: A Northumbrian Poem of the XIVth Century in Four Versions. Ed. Richard Morris, Hugo Carl Wilhelm Haenisch, Heinrich Hupe, and Max Kaluza. 7 vols. EETS o.s. 57, 59, 62, 66, 68, 99, 101. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1874–93.

Daichman, Graciela S. Wayward Nuns in Medieval Literature. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Daniell, Christopher. Death and Burial in Medieval England: 1066–1550. London: Routledge, 1997.

Deanesly, Margaret. The Lollard Bible and Other Medieval Biblical Versions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1920.

Delehaye, Hippolyte. The Legends of the Saints: An Introduction to Hagiography. Trans. Donald Attwater. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1962.

Dickinson, J. C. Monastic Life in Medieval England. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1961.

———. The Origins of the Austin Canons and Their Introduction into England. London: SPCK, 1950.

A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature. Ed. David L. Jeffrey. Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 1992.

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue: From the Twelfth Century to the End of the Seventeenth. Ed. William A. Craigie. London: Oxford University Press, 1937–.

Doyle, Ian., ed. The Vernon Manuscript: A Facsimile of Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS. Eng. poet. A.1. Cam­bridge: D. S. Brewer, 1987.

Duncan, Thomas G., and Margaret Connolly, eds. The Middle English Mirror: Sermons from Advent to Sexa­gesima with a Parallel Text of the Anglo-Norman Miroir. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2003.

Ellington, Donna Spivey. From Sacred Body to Angelic Soul: Understanding Mary in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2001.

Evans, Christopher F. Saint Luke. London: SCM Press, 1990.

Evans, G. R. Bernard of Clairvaux. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Felix’s Life of Saint Guthlac. Ed. Bertram Colgrave. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Fletcher, Alan J. Preaching, Politics and Poetry in Late-medieval England. Portland, OR: Four Courts Press, 1998.

Gerould, Gordon Hall. The North English Homily Collection: A Study of the Manuscript Relations and of the Sources of the Tales. Lancaster, PA: Press of the New Era Printing Company, 1902. ———. “The Hermit and the Saint.” Publications of the Modern Language Association 20 (1905), 529–45.

———. “The North-English Homily Collection.” Modern Language Notes 22 (1907), 95–96.

———. Saints’ Legends. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916.

Gibson, Gail McMurray. “Blessing from Sun and Moon: Churching as Women’s Theater.” In Bodies and Disciplines: Intersections of Literature and History in Fifteenth-Century England. Ed. Barbara A. Hanawalt and David Wallace. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996. Pp. 139–54.

Godfrey, John. The Church in Anglo-Saxon England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962.

Gower, John. Confessio Amantis. Ed. Russell A. Peck, with Latin translations by Andrew Galloway. 3 vols. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2000–06.

Greene, Richard Leighton, ed. The Early English Carols. 2nd edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.

Gregg, Joan Young. Devils, Women, and Jews: Reflections of the Other in Medieval Sermon Stories. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.

Gregory of Nyssa. A Select Library of Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church. Ed. Philip Schafff and Henry Wace. Second series. Vol. 5. Dogmatic Treatises etc. Trans. William Moore and Henry Austin Wilson. Oxford: Parker, 1893; rpt. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1994.

Gregory the Great. Pastoral Care. Trans. Henry Davis. Westminster, MD: Newman Press, 1950.

———. Forty Gospel Homilies. Trans. Dom David Hurst. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1990.

Havelok. Ed. G. V. Smithers. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.

Heffernan, Thomas J.“Sermon Literature.” In Middle English Prose: A Critical Guide to Major Authors and Genres. Ed. A. S. G. Edwards. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1984. Pp. 177–207.

———. “The Authorship of the ‘Northern Homily Cycle’: The Liturgical Affiliation of the Sunday Gospel Pericopes as a Test.” Traditio 41 (1985), 289–309.

———. “Orthodoxies’ Redux: The Northern Homily Cycle in the Vernon Manuscript and Its Textu­al Affiliations.” In Pearsall. Pp. 75–87.

Heffernan, Thomas J., and E. Ann Matter, eds. The Liturgy of the Medieval Church. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2001.

Henry, Avril. “‘The Pater Noster in a Table Ypeynted’ and Some Other Presentations of Doctrine in the Vernon Manuscript.” In Pearsall. Pp. 89–113.

Hinson, E. Glenn. The Church Triumphant: A History of Christianity up to 1300. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1995.

Hood, John Y. B. Aquinas and the Jews. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

Horstmann, Carl. “Die Evangelien-Geschichten der Homiliensammlung des Ms. Vernon.” Archiv 57 (1877), 241–316.

———. Altenglischen Legenden. Heilbronn: Gebr. Henninger, 1881.

Hotchkiss, Valerie R. Clothes Make the Man: Female Cross Dressing in Medieval Europe. New York: Gar­land, 1996.

Hudson, Anne, and H. L. Spencer. “Old Author, New Work: The Sermons of MS Longleat 4.” Medium Ævum 53 (1984), 220–38.

International Bible Commentary: A Catholic and Ecumenical Commentary for the Twenty-first Century. Ed. William R. Farmer. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1998.

Jacob’s Well: An English Treatise on the Cleansing of Man’s Conscience. Ed. Arthur Brandeis. EETS o.s. 115. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1900.

Jacobus de Voragine. The Golden Legend: Readings on the Saints. Trans. William Granger Ryan. 2 vols. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Jacques de Vitry. The Exempla or Illustrative Stories from the Sermones Vulgares of Jacques de Vitry. Trans. Thomas Frederick Crane. London: David Nutt, 1890.

———. Die Exempla aus den Sermones feriales et communes des Jakob von Vitry. Trans. Joseph Greven. Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1914.

Jansen, Katherine Ludwig. The Making of the Magdalen: Preaching and Popular Devotion in the Later Middle Ages. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Jestice, Phyllis G. Wayward Monks and the Religious Revolution of the Eleventh Century. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1997.

Joynes, Andrew. Medieval Ghost Stories: An Anthology of Miracles, Marvels, and Prodigies. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2001.

Kelly, Kathleen C. Performing Virginity and Testing Chastity in the Middle Ages. London: Routledge, 2000.

Kemmler, Fritz. “Exempla” in Context: A Historical and Critical Study of Robert Mannyng of Brunne’s “Handlyng Synne.” Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag, 1984.

Ker, N. R, Ian C. Cunningham, and Andrew G. Watson. Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraires. 5 vols. Volume II: Abbotsford-Keele. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.

Kirby-Fulton, Kathryn. “Piers Plowman.” In Wallace. Pp. 513–38.

Klaeber, Friedrich, ed. Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburg. Boston: D. C. Heath and Co., 1950.

Koslin, Désirée. “Value-Added Stuffs and Shifts in Meaning: An Overview and Case Study of Medieval Textile Paradigms.” In Encountering Medieval Textiles and Dress: Objects, Texts, Images. Ed. Désirée G. Koslin and Janet E. Snyder. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. Pp. 233–49.

Lampert, Lisa. “Race, Periodicity, and the (Neo-) Middle Ages.” Modern Language Quarterly 65.3 (2004), 391–421.

Langland, William. Piers Plowman: An Edition of the C-Text. Ed. Derek A. Pearsall. London: Edward Arnold, 1978.

Lawrence, C. H. Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages. Second edition. New York: Longman, 1989.

Leyser, Henrietta. Hermits and the New Monasticism: A Study of Religious Communities in Western Europe, 1000–1150. London: Macmillan, 1984.

Little, Lester K. Religious Poverty and the Profit Economy in Medieval Europe. London: Paul Elek, 1978.

Lynch, Joseph H. The Medieval Church: A Brief History. New York: Longman, 1992.

Mann, Jill. Chaucer and Medieval Estates Satire: The Literature of Social Classes and the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Mannyng of Brunne, Robert. Handlyng Synne. Ed. Idelle Sullens. Binghamton, NY: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1983.

Marshall, Linda, and W. Rothwell. “The Miroir of Robert of Gretham.” Medium Ævum 39 (1970), 313–21.

Martimort, Aimé G. The Church at Prayer: An Introduction to the Liturgy. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992.

———, Iréné H. Dalmais, and Pierre Jounel. The Liturgy and Time. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1986.

Marx, C. W. The Devil’s Rights and the Redemption in the Literature of Medieval England. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1995.

Mayo, Janet. A History of Ecclesiastical Dress. London: Batsford, 1984.

Mayr-Hartung, Henry. “Functions of a Twelfth-Century Recluse.” History 60 (1975), 337–52.

McIntosh, Angus. “‘Neuere Yete in Game ne in Grene’: A Havelok Crux.” Review of English Studies 16 (1940), 189–93.

———. “Some Words in the Northern Homily Collection.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 73 (1972), 196–208.

McIntosh, Angus, M. L. Samuels, and Michael Benskin, eds. A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1986.

McNamara, Jo Ann. Sisters in Arms: Catholic Nuns through Two Millennia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Merlen, R. H. A. De Canibus; Dog and Hound in Antiquity. London: J. A. Allen, 1971.

Miélot, Jean. Miracles de Nostre Dame. Ed. George F. Warner. Westminster: Nichols and Sons, 1885.

Millett, Bella, ed. Hali Meiðhad. EETS o.s. 284. London: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Minnis, A. J. “De impedimento sexus: Women’s Bodies and Medieval Impediments to Female Ordina­tion.” In Peter Biller and A. J. Minnis, eds. Medieval Theology and the Natural Body. York: York Medieval Press, 1997. Pp. 109–39.

Mirk, John. Instructions for Parish Priests. Ed. Edward Peacock. EETS o.s. 31. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, 1868.

Morey, James H. “Legal and Spiritual Sanctuary in the Northern Homily Cycle and Piers Plowman B, XVII, 1–126.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 93 (1994), 326–35.

———. Book and Verse: A Guide to Middle English Biblical Literature. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Mosher, Joseph A. The Exemplum in the Early Religious and Didactic Literature of England. New York: Columbia University Press, 1911.

Mullaney, Samantha. “The Language of Costume in the Ellesmere Portraits.” Trivium 31 (1999), 35–57.

Murray, Alexander. “Counselling in Medieval Confession.” In Biller and Minnis. Pp. 63–77.

Murray, Jacqueline. “Mystical Castration: Some Reflections on Peter Abelard, Hugh of Lincoln and Sexual Control.” In Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West. Ed. Jacqueline Murray. New York: Garland, 1999. Pp. 73–91.

Napier, Arthur S. The History of the Holy Rood Tree: A Twelfth-Century Version of the Cross Legend, With Notes on the Orthography of the Ormulum (With a Facsimile) and a Middle English Compassio Mariae. EETS o.s. 103. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1894.

New Catholic Encyclopedia. 18 vols. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967–89.

The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. Ed. Samuel Macauley Jackson et al. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1908–14.

Nolland, John. Word Biblical Commentary, Vol 35a: Luke 1–9:20. Dallas, TX: Word Books, 1989.

Noonan, John T. The Scholastic Analysis of Usury. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957.

The Northern Homily Cycle. In The Northern Homily Cycle: The Expanded Version in MSS Harley 4196 and Cotton Tiberius E vii. Ed. Saara Nevanlinna. Mémoires de la société Néophilologique de Helsinki. 3 vols. 38, 41, 43. Helsinki: Société Néophilologique, 1972–84.

———. In Small.

———. In Horstmann. “Die evangeliien geschichten.” Pp. 241–316. [The exempla from the Vernon manuscript]

———. In Horstmann. Altenglische Legenden. [Saints’ Legends from the Expanded NHC, British Library, MSS Harley 4196 and Cotton Tiberius E. VII]

Nouveau Recueil de Fabliaux et Contes Inédits de Poètes Français des XIIe, XIIIe, XIVe, et Xve Siècles. Ed. Dominique M. Méon. Paris: Chasseriau, 1823.

The N-Town Plays. Ed. Douglas Sugano. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2007.

Oliva, Marilyn. The Convent and the Community in Late Medieval England: Female Monasteries in the Diocese of Norwich, 1350–1540. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1998.

Owst, G. R. Preaching in Medieval England: An Introduction to Sermon Manuscripts of the Period c. 1350–1450. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1926.

———. Literature and Pulpit in Medieval England: A Neglected Chapter in the History of English Letters and of the English People. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1961.

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Ed. F. L. Cross Cross and E. A. Livingston. Third edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Patrologia Latina. Ed. J.-P. Migne. 221 vols. Paris: Garnier Frères and J.-P. Migne, 1844–80.

Parkes, James. The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue: A Study in the Origins of Antisemitism. New York: Atheneum, 1969.

Payer, Pierre J. “Sex and Confession in the Thirteenth Century.” In Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays. Ed. Joyce E. Salisbury. New York: Garland, 1991. Pp. 126–42.

Pearsall, Derek, ed. Studies in the Vernon Manuscript. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1990.

Pfander, Homer G. The Popular Sermon of the Medieval Friar in England. New York: New York University, 1937.

Piponnier, Françoise, and Perrine Mane. Dress in the Middle Ages. Trans. Caroline Beamish. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997.

Pleij, Herman. Dreaming of Cockaigne: Medieval Fantasies of the Perfect Life. Trans. Diane Webb. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Power, Eileen E. Medieval English Nunneries c. 1275 to 1535. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1922.

———. Medieval Women. London: Folio Society, 2001.

Rice, Eugene F., Jr. Saint Jerome in the Renaissance. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Robert of Gretham. Miroir ou les Évangiles des Domnées. Ed. Saverio Panunzio. Bari: Adriatica Editrice, 1967.

Roger of Wendover. Roger of Wendover’s Flowers of History, Comprising the History of England from the Descent of the Saxons to AD 1235; formerly ascribed to Matthew Paris. Trans. J. A. Giles. London: H. G. Bohn, 1849.

Root, Jerry. “Space to Speke”: The Confessional Subject in Medieval Literature. New York: Peter Lang, 1997.

Rouse, Richard, and Mary Rouse. Preachers, Florilegia and Sermons: Studies on the “Manipulus Florum” of Thomas of Ireland. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1979.

Rucquoi, A. “Alimentation des riches, alimentation des pauvre dans une ville Castillane au XVe siècle.” In Manger et Boire au Moyen Age: actes du colloque de Nice 15–17, octobre 1982. Ed. Denis Menjot. Paris: Belles Lettres, 1984. Pp. 297–312.

Ruether, Rosemary Radford. “The Adversus Judaeos Tradition in the Church Fathers: The Exegesis of Christian Anti-Judaism.” In Aspects of Jewish Culture in the Middle Ages. Ed. Paul E. Szarmach. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1979. Pp. 27–50.

Russell, G. H. “Vernacular Instruction of the Laity in the Late Middle Ages in England.” Journal of Religious History 2 (1962), 98–119.

Russell, Jeffrey Burton. Lucifer: The Devil in the Middle Ages. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Russell, John. Boke of Nurture. In The Babees Book. Ed. Frederick J. Furnivall. EETS o.s. 32. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1868. Pp. 115–239.

Scanlon, Larry. Narrative, Authority, and Power: The Medieval Exemplum and the Chaucerian Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Sears, Elizabeth. The Ages of Man: Medieval Interpretations of the Life Cycle. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Shinners, John, and William J. Dohar, eds. Pastors and the Care of Souls in Medieval England. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998.

Small, John. English Metrical Homilies: From Manuscripts of the Fourteenth Century, with an Introduction and Notes. Edinburgh: William Patterson, 1862.

Smith, Lesley. “William of Auvergne and Confession.” In Biller and Minnis. Pp. 95–107.

Smyth, John. The Berkeley Manuscripts: The Lives of the Berkeleys, Lords of the Honour, Castle and Manor of Berkeley, in the County of Gloucester from 1066 to 1618; With a Description of the Hundred of Berkeley and its Inhabitants. Gloucester: J. Bellows, 1883–85.

Southern, R. W. “The English Origins of the ‘Miracles of the Virgin.’” Medieval and Renaissance Studies 4 (1958), 176–216.

———. Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970.

———. Robert Grosseteste: The Growth of an English Mind in Medieval Europe. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Spencer, H. Leith. English Preaching in the Late Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

———. “The Textual Relationships of the Unexpanded Middle English Northern Homily Cycle.” Manuscripta 33 (1989), 92–108.

———. “Study of Middle English Preaching: What Next?” Medium Ævum 69 (2000), 104–09.

Sprouse, James R. “The Scribal Dialect of the Bodleian Library, Manuscript Ashmole 42.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 104.1 (2003), 95–113.

Straw, Carol E. Gregory the Great: Perfection in Imperfection. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Swanson, R. N. Church and Society in Late Medieval England. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

The Towneley Plays. Ed. George England. EETS e.s. 71. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1897.

Tubach, Frederic C. Index Exemplorum: A Handbook of Medieval Religious Tales. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1969.

Wallace, David, ed. Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Ward, H. L. D. Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum. 3 vols. London: Printed by order of the Trustees, 1883–1910.

Warner, Marina. Alone of All Her Sex: The Myth and the Cult of the Virgin Mary. New York: Knopf, 1976.

Warren, Nancy Bradley. Spritual Economies: Female Monasticism in Later Medieval England. Philadelphi­a: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Waters, Claire M. Angels and Earthly Creatures: Preaching, Performance, and Gender in the Later Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Watson, Nicholas. Richard Rolle and the Invention of Authority. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

———. “Visions of Inclusion: Universal Salvation and Vernacular Theology in Pre-Reformation England.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 27 (1997), 145–87.

Weiser, F. X. Handbook of Christian Feasts and Customs: The Year of the Lord in Liturgy and Folklore. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1958.

Whatley, Gordon. “The Uses of Hagiography: The Legend of Pope Gregory and the Emperor Trajan in the Middle Ages.” Viator 15 (1984), 25–63.

Whicher, George F. The Goliard Poets: Medieval Latin Songs and Satires. Norfolk, CT: New Directions, 1949.

Whiting, Bartlett Jere, with the collaboration of Helen Wescott Whiting. Proverbs, Sentences and Proverbial Phrases from English Writings Mainly before 1500. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1968.

Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn. Saints’ Lives and Women’s Literary Culture c.1150–1300: Virginity and Its Authorizations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.