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Advice for Princes in Middle English Translation: Bibliography


Boke of Wysdome. Trans. Jonathan Larke. London: Robert Wyer, 1532. Available online at EEBO. [STC 2nd ed. 3357.]

Cambridge, St. John’s College, MS H.5. Images online at [Scrope MS S]

Cotgrave, Randle. A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongues, Compiled by Randle Cotgrave. London: Adam Islip, 1611. Available online at EEBO. [STC 2nd ed. 5830.]

Le Noir, Philippe. Les cent hystoires de Troye. Paris: Pigouchet, 1522. BNF Rés. Ye-214. Online at

London, British Library, MS Additional 28209. [Scrope’s autograph]

London, British Library, MS Harley 219. [D]

London, British Library, MS Harley 838. [Lytle Bibell of Knyghthod]

London, British Library, MS Harley 4431. [B1]

Los Angeles, University of California, MS 170/709. [Chapelet des vertus]

New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS M.775. Images online at [Scrope MS M]

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Laud miscellaneous 570. Online at [BI] Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 246. [Histoire ancienne 1]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 301. [Histoire ancienne 2]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 572. [Chapelet des vertus]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 848. [A]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 604. [AI; Mombello’s AI1]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 606. [B]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 1187. [DI]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, lat. 16787. [Reductorium morale]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, naf. 6458. [BI2]

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, naf. 10059. [DI7]

Pigouchet, Philippe. Les cent histoires de Troye. Paris: Le Noir, ca. 1499–1500. Library of Congress, Rosenwald 449. Online at

Warminster, Longleat House, MS 253. [Scrope MS L]

Wyer, Robert, trans. C. Hystoryes of Troye. London: Wyer, 1549. Available online at EEBO. [STC 2nd ed. 7272.]


Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy. Trans. Charles S. Singleton. 3 vols. Second edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970.

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. Complete English Edition in Five Volumes. Volume 1. Trans. Fathers of the English Dominican Province. Westminster, MD: Christian Classics, 1981.

Aristotle. De Anima (On the Soul). Ed. and trans. Hugh Lawson-Tancred. London: Penguin, 1986.

———. The Nichomachean Ethics. Ed. Harris Rackham. Ware: Wordsworth Editions, 1996.

———. The Politics and the Constitution of Athens. Ed. Stephen Everson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Ashby, George. George Ashby’s Poems. Ed. Mary Bateson. EETS e.s. 76. Bungay: Richard Clay & Sons, Ltd., 1899. Rpt. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Augustine. The City of God against the Pagans. Trans. George E. McCracken, William M. Green, David S. Wiesin, Philip Levine, Eva Matthews Sanford, William McAllen Green, and William Chase Greene. 7 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963–1972.

———. Sermons on the Liturgical Seasons (230–272B). Ed. John E. Rotelle. Trans. Edmund Hill. New Rochelle, NY: New City Press, 1993.

Bartholomaeus Anglicus. See Trevisa, On the Properties of Things.

Benoît de Sainte-Maure. Le Roman de Troie. Ed. Léopold Constans. 6 vols. Paris: Librairie de Firmin Didot et cie, 1904–1912.

———. The Roman de Troie. Trans. Glyn S. Burgess and Douglas Kelly. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2017.

Bersuire, Pierre. Reductorium morale, liber XV. See BNF lat. 16787 above.

Boccaccio, Giovanni. Concerning Famous Women. Trans. Guido A. Guarino. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1963.

———. Genealogie deorum gentilium libri. Ed. Vincenzo Romano. 2 vols. Bari: Gius. Laterza & Figli, 1951.

———. Genealogy of the Pagan Gods. Ed. and trans. Jon Solomon. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011–2017.

Boethius. The Consolation of Philosophy. Trans. Richard H. Green. Indianapolis, IN: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1962.

Caxton, William. The Game and Playe of the Chesse. Ed. Jenny Adams. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2009.

Chance, Jane, ed. The Assembly of Gods: Le Assemble de Dyeus, or Banquet of Gods and Goddesses, with the Discourse of Reason and Sensuality. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Press, 1999.

Chapelet des Vertus. See UCLA 170/709 and BNF fr. 572 above.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Riverside Chaucer. Gen. Ed. Larry D. Benson. Third edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

Christine de Pizan. Les Enseignemens Moraux. In OEuvres Poétiques de Christine de Pisan. Vol. 3: Oraisons, Enseignements et Proverbes Moraux, Le Livre du Duc des Vrais Amants, Les Cent Ballades D’Amant et de Dame. Ed. Maurice Roy. Paris: Firmin Didot, 1886. Pp. 27–44.

———. The Book of the City of Ladies. Trans. Earl Jeffrey Richards. New York: Persea Books, 1982.

———. Christine de Pizan’s Letter of Othea to Hector. Ed. and trans. Jane Chance. Newburyport, MA: Focus Information Group, 1990.

———. The Selected Writings of Christine de Pizan. Ed. and trans. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski. Trans. Kevin Brownlee. New York: Norton, 1997.

———. Epistre Othea. Ed. Gabriella Parussa. Geneva: Droz, 1999.

———. The Vision of Christine de Pizan. Trans. Glenda McLeod and Charity Cannon Willard. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2005.

———. Épître d’Othéa. Ed. Jacqueline Cerquiglini-Toulet and Hélène Basso. 2 vols. Paris: Fondation Martin Bodmer, 2008.

———. The Book of the Mutability of Fortune. Ed. and trans. Geri L. Smith. Toronto: Iter, 2017.

———. Othea’s Letter to Hector. Ed. and trans. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Earl Jeffrey Richards. Toronto: Iter, 2017.

Constantine of Pisa. The Book of the Secrets of Alchemy. Ed. and trans. Barbara Obrist. Leiden: Brill, 1990.

de Boer, Cornelis, Martina G. de Boer, Jeannette Th. M. Van ‘tSant, eds. Ovide moralisé: Poème du commencement du quatorzième siècle publié d’après tous les manuscrits connus. Amsterdam: Müller, 1915–1938. Rpt. Wiesbaden: Sändig, 1966–1968.

Douay-Rheims Bible. Paul B. Mann, 2003. Online at

Evrart de Conty. Le livre de eschez amoureux moralisés. Ed. Françoise Guichard-Tesson and Bruno Roy. Montreal: Ceres, 1993.

Giles of Rome. See Trevisa, The Governance of Kings and Princes.

Gordon, James D., ed. The Epistle of Othea to Hector: A ‘Lytil Bibell of Knyghthod’. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1942.

Gower, John. Confessio Amantis. Ed. Russell A. Peck, with Latin translations by Andrew Galloway. 3 vols. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2000–2004.

Guillaume de Lorris, and Jean de Meun. The Romance of the Rose. Trans. Charles Dahlberg. Third edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Guillaume de Machaut. The Judgment of the King of Navarre. Ed. and trans. R. Barton Palmer. London: Garland, 1988.

———. The Fountain of Love (La Fonteinne amoureuse) and Two Other Love Vision Poems. Ed. and trans. R. Barton Palmer. London: Garland, 1993.

———. Le livre de la Fontaine amoureuse. Ed. Jacqueline Cerquiglini-Toulet. Paris: Stock, 1993.

Guillaume de Tignonville. Les Ditz Moraulx. Ed. Robert Eder, In “Tignonvillana inedita,” Romanische Forschungen 33 (1915), 908–1019.

Hamesse, Jacqueline. Les Auctoritates Aristotelis: Un Florilège Médiéval Étude Historique et Édition Critique. Louvain: Publications Universitaires, 1974.

Henryson, Robert. The Poems of Robert Henryson. Ed. Robert L. Kindrick. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1997.

Histoire ancienne jusqu’a César. See BNF fr. 246 and BNF fr. 301 above.

Hoccleve, Thomas. The Regiment of Princes. Ed. Charles R. Blyth. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1999.

Inderwick, F. A., and R. A. Roberts, eds. Calendar of the Inner Temple Records, Vol 1 (1505–1603). London: Chiswick Press, 1896.

Isidore of Seville. The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville. Trans. Stephen A. Barney, W. J. Lewis, J. A. Beach, and Oliver Berghof. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Jacobus de Voragine. The Golden Legend: Readings on the Saints. Trans. William Granger Ryan. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

“King James Version 1611.” King James Bible Online. 2007. Online at

Laidlaw, James. Christine de Pizan: The Making of the Queen’s Manuscript (London, British Library Harley MS 4431). University of Edinburgh, 2015–. Online at

Langland, William. Piers Plowman: The A Version. Will’s Visions of Piers Plowman and Do-Well, An Edition in the Form of Trinity College Cambridge MS R.3.14 Corrected from Other Manuscripts, with Variant Readings. Ed. George Kane. Rev. ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

———. Piers Plowman: The C-Text. Ed. Derek Pearsall. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1994.

Legrand, Jacques. Le livre de bonnes meurs. In Archiloge Sophie et Livre de bonnes meurs. Ed. Evencio Beltran. Paris: Honoré Champion, 1986. Pp. 285–419.

Lydgate, John. Lydgate’s Troy Book. Ed. Henry Bergen. 4 vols. EETS e.s. 97, 103, 106, 126. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1906–1935. Rpt. Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint Co., 1973.

———. Minor Poems of John Lydgate. Ed. Henry Noble MacCracken. 2 vols. EETS e.s. 107, o.s 192. London: Oxford University Press, 1911, 1934. Rpt. 1962.

———. Lydgate’s Fall of Princes. Ed. Henry Bergen. 4 vols. EETS e.s. 121, 122, 123, 124. Washington, DC: The Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1924–1927. Rpt. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.

———. John Lydgate: The Siege of Thebes. Ed. Robert R. Edwards. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2001.

Madden, Frederic, ed. Collectanea topographica et genealogica. 8 vols. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son, 1834–1843.

Migne, Jacques-Paul, ed. Patrologia Cursus Completus: Series Latina. 221 vols. Paris: Migne, 1844–1864.

Mubashshir ibn Fātik, Abū al-Wafā. The Dicts and Sayings of the Philosophers. See Scrope, The Dicts and Sayings of the Philosophers; and Guillaume de Tignonville, Les Ditz Moraulx.

Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. Stanley Lombardo. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 2010.

Pseudo-Dionysius. The Celestial Hierarchy. In Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works. Trans. Colm Luibheid. New York: Paulist Press, 1987. Pp. 143–91.

Pseudo-Geber. The Summa Perfectionis of Pseudo-Geber: A Critical Edition, Translation and Study. Ed. William R. Newman. Leiden: Brill, 1991.

Raine, James, ed. Testamenta Eboracensia: A Selection of Wills from the Registry at York. Vol. 4. Durham: Andrews & Co., 1869.

Royster, James Finch, ed. “A Middle English Treatise on the Ten Commandments.” Studies in Philology 6 (1910), 3–39. [See also Royster, “A Middle English Treatise on the Ten Commandments,” Introduction, below.]

Scrope, Stephen. The Epistle of Othea to Hector or The Boke of Knyghthode. Translated from the French of Christine de Pisan, With a Dedication to Sir John Fastolf, K. G. Ed. George F. Warner. London: J.B. Nichols and Sons, 1904.

———. The Dicts and Sayings of the Philosophers: A Middle English Version by Stephen Scrope. Ed. Margaret E. Schofield. Ph.D. Dissertation: University of Pennsylvania, 1936.

———. Stephen Scrope: The Epistle of Othea. Ed. Curt F. Bühler. EETS o.s. 264. London: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Scrope, Stephen, William Worcester, and Anonymous. The Dicts and Sayings of the Philosophers: The Translations Made by Stephen Scrope, William Worcester and an Anonymous Translator. Ed. Curt F. Bühler. EETS o.s. 211. London: Oxford University Press, 1941. Rpt. 1961.

Sutton, John William, ed. The Dicts and Sayings of the Philosophers. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2006.

Thomas Hibernicus [of Ireland]. Manipulus florum. Piacenza: Jacobus de Tyela, 1483. The Electronic Manipulus florum Project. Chris L. Nighman, 2001–2019. Online at

Trevisa, John. On the Properties of Things: John Trevisa’s Translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus De Proprietatibus Rerum: A Critical Text. Trans. M. C. Seymour. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975–1988.

———. The Governance of Kings and Princes: John Trevisa’s Middle English Translation of the De Regimine Principum of Aegidius Romanus. Ed. David C. Fowler, Charles F. Briggs, and Paul G. Remley. New York: Garland, 1997.


Abray, Lorna Jane. “Imagining the Masculine: Christine de Pizan’s Hector, Prince of Troy.” In Fantasies of Troy: Classical Tales and the Social Imaginary in Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Ed. Alan Shepard and Stephen D. Powell. Toronto: Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2004. Pp. 133–48.

Adams, Jenny. “Pawn Takes Knight’s Queen: Playing with Chess in the Book of the Duchess.” Chaucer Review 34 (1999), 125–38.

Adams, Tracy. Christine de Pizan and the Fight for France. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2014.

Akbari, Suzanne Conklin. Seeing Through the Veil: Optical Theory and Medieval Allegory. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.

———. “Death as Metamorphosis in the Devotional and Political Allegory of Christine de Pizan.” In The Ends of the Body: Identity and Community in Medieval Culture. Ed. Suzanne Conklin Akbari and Jill Ross. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. Pp. 283–313.

Altmann, Barbara K., and Deborah L. McGrady, eds. Christine de Pizan: A Casebook. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Amsler, Mark. “Rape and Silence: Ovid’s Mythography and Medieval Readers.” In Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature. Ed. Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose. New York: Palgrave, 2001. Pp. 61–96.

Anglo, Sydney. “The British History in Early Tudor Propaganda.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library Manchester 44 (1961), 17–48.

Ashley, Kathleen, and Robert L. A. Clark, eds. Introduction to Medieval Conduct. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Pp. ix–xx.

Barratt, Alexandra. “The Five Wits and Their Structural Significance in Part II of the Ancrene Wisse.” Medium Ævum 56 (1987), 12–24.

Beadle, Richard. “Sir John Fastolf’s French Books.” In Medieval Texts in Context. Ed. Graham D. Caie and Denis Renevey. London: Routledge, 2008. Pp. 96–112.

Beadle, Richard, and Colin Richmond, eds. Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century. Vol. 3. EETS s. s. 22. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. [For volumes 1 and 2, see Davis below]

Bejczy, István P. The Cardinal Virtues in the Middle Ages: A Study in Moral Thought from the Fourth to the Fourteenth Century. Leiden: Brill, 2011.

Benson, C. David. “Prudence, Othea, and Lydgate’s Death of Hector.” American Benedictine Review 26 (1975), 115–23.

———. The History of Troy in Middle English Literature: Guido delle Colonne’s Historia Destructionis Troiae in Medieval England. Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1980.

Birk, Bonnie A. Christine de Pizan and Biblical Wisdom: A Feminist-Theological Point of View. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2005.

Black, C. J. “Babington, Anthony (by 1476–1536), of Dethick, Derbys, and Kingston-on-Soar, Notts.” In The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1509–1558. Vol. 1. Ed. S. T. Bindoff. London: Secker & Warburg, 1982. Pp. 356–57.

Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate. “The Scandal of Pasiphae: Narration and Interpretation in the Ovide moralisé.” Modern Philology 93 (1996), 307–26.

———. Reading Myth: Classical Mythology and Its Interpretations in Medieval French Literature. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

———. “Christine de Pizan and the Political Life in Late Medieval France.” In Altmann and McGrady, Christine de Pizan: A Casebook. Pp. 9–24.

Boffey, Julia. “Writing English in a French Penumbra: The Middle English ‘Tree of Love’ in MS Longleat 253.” In Wogan-Browne et al., Language and Culture in Medieval Britain. Pp. 386–96.

Bradbury, Nancy Mason, and Carolyn P. Collette. “Changing Times: The Mechanical Clock in Late Medieval Literature.” Chaucer Review 43 (2009), 351–75.

Brinton, Laurel J. “The Stylistic Function of ME Gan Reconsidered.” In Papers from the 5th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics, Cambrdige 6–9 April 1987. Ed. Sylvia Adamson, Vivien Law, Nigel Vincent, and Susan Wright. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, 1990. Pp. 31–53.

Brown, Cynthia J. “The Reconstruction of an Author in Print: Christine de Pizan in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries.” In Desmond, Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference. Pp. 215–35.

Brown-Grant, Rosalind. “Illumination as Reception. Jean Miélot’s Reworking of the ‘Epistre Othea.’” In Zimmermann and De Rentiis, City of Scholars. Pp. 260–71.

———. Christine de Pizan and the Moral Defence of Women: Reading Beyond Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Brownlee, Kevin. “Structures of Authority in Christine de Pizan’s Ditié de Jehanne d’Arc.” In Discourses of Authority in Medieval and Renaissance Literature. Ed. Kevin Brownlee and Walter Stephens. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1989. Pp.131–50.

———. “Christine de Pizan’s Canonical Authors: The Special Case of Boccaccio.” Comparative Literature Studies 32 (1995), 244–61.

———. “Hector and Penthesilea in the Livre de la Mutacion de Fortune: Christine de Pizan and the Politics of Myth.” In Dulac and Ribémont, Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age. Pp. 69–82.

Bühler, Curt F. “Sir John Paston’s Grete Booke, a Fifteenth-Century ‘Best-Seller.’” Modern Language Notes 56 (1941), 345–51.

———. “The Fleurs de toutes vertus and Christine de Pisan’s L’Epître d’Othéa.” PMLA 62 (1947), 32–44.

———. “The Fleurs de toutes vertus.” PMLA 64 (1949), 600–01.

———. “Sir John Fastolf’s Manuscripts of the Epître d’Othéa and Stephen Scrope’s Translation of this Text.” Scriptorium 3 (1949), 123–28.

———. “‘Wirk alle thyng by conseil.’” Speculum 24 (1949), 410–12.

———. “The Apostles and the Creed.” Speculum 28 (1953), 335–39.

———. “Christine de Pisan and a Saying Attributed to Socrates.” Philological Quarterly 33 (1954), 418–20.

———. “The Revisions and Dedications of the Epistle of Othea.” Anglia 76 (1958), 266–70.

———. “The Assembly of Gods and Christine de Pisan.” English Language Notes 4 (1967), 251–54.

Butterfield, Ardis. The Familiar Enemy: Chaucer, Language, and Nation in the Hundred Years War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Campbell, P. G. C. L’Epître d'Othéa: Etude sur les sources de Christine de Pisan. Paris: Honoré Champion, 1924.

———. “Christine de Pisan en Angleterre.” Revue de Littérature Comparée 5 (1925), 659–70.

A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum: With Indexes of Persons, Places, and Matters. 4 vols. London, 1808–1812.

Cerquiglini-Toulet, Jacqueline. “Le nom d’Orphée.” Versants 24 (1993), 3–15.

———. “Sexualité et politique: le mythe d’Actéon chez Christine de Pizan.” In Dulac and Ribémont, Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age. Pp. 83–90.

Chance, Jane. “Christine’s Minerva, the Mother Valorized.” In Christine de Pizan’s Letter of Othea to Hector. Ed. and trans. Jane Chance. Pp. 121–33.

———, ed. The Mythographic Art: Classical Fable and the Rise of the Vernacular in Early France and England. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1990.

———. “Christine de Pizan as Literary Mother. Women’s Authority and Subjectivity in ‘The Floure and the Leafe’ and ‘The Assembly of Ladies’.” In Zimmermann and De Rentiis, City of Scholars. Pp. 245–59.

———. Medieval Mythography: From Roman North Africa to the School of Chartres, A.D. 433–1177. Vol. 1. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994.

———. The Mythographic Chaucer: The Fabulation of Sexual Politics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995.

———. “Gender Subversion and Linguistic Castration in Fifteenth-Century English Translations of Christine de Pizan.” In Violence Against Women in Medieval Texts. Ed. Anna Roberts. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1998. Pp. 161–94.

———. “Re-membering Herself: Christine de Pizan’s Refiguration of Isis as Io.” Modern Philology 111 (2013), 133–57.

———. “The Arthurian Knight Remythified Ovidian: The Failures of Courtly Love in Three Late Medieval Glosses.” In The Legacy of Courtly Literature: From Medieval to Contemporary Culture. Ed. Deborah Nelson-Campbell and Rouben Cholakian. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. Pp. 9–37.

Chiari, Sophie, ed. Renaissance Tales of Desire: Hermaphroditus and Salmacis, Theseus and Ariadne, Ceyx and Alcione, and Orpheus his Journey to Hell. A Revised and Augmented Edition. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012.

Coldiron, Anne E. B. English Printing, Verse Translation, and the Battle of the Sexes, 1476–1557. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009.

Collette, Carolyn P. “Heeding the Counsel of Prudence: A Context for the ‘Melibee.’” Chaucer Review 29 (1995), 416–33.

———. “Aristotle, Translation and the Mean: Shaping the Vernacular in Late Medieval Anglo-French Culture.” In Wogan-Browne et al., Language and Culture in Medieval Britain. Pp. 373–85.

Cooper, Charlotte E. “Fit For A Prince: The Ten Alternative Commandments in Chrstine de Pizan’s Epistre Othea.” In The Ten Commandments in Medieval and Early Modern Culture. Ed. Youri Desplenter, Jürgen Pieters, and Walter Melion. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. 49–74.

Copeland, Rita. Rhetoric, Hermeneutics, and Translation in the Middle Ages: Academic Traditions and Vernacular Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Coyle, J. Kevin. “Mani, Manicheism.” In Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia. Ed. Allan D. Fitzgerald. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999. Pp. 520–25.

Curtius, Ernst Robert. European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. Trans. Willard R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953. Rpt. 2013.

Davis, Norman, ed. Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century. Vols. 1 and 2. EETS s. s. 20 and 21. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. [For volume 3, see Beadle and Richmond above]

Desmond, Marilynn, ed. Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.

———. “Reading and Visuality in Stephen Scrope’s Translatio of Christine de Pizan’s Epistre Othea.” In Thresholds of Medieval Visual Culture: Liminal Spaces. Ed. Elina Gertsman and Jill Stevenson. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012. Pp. 95–122.

Desmond, Marilynn, and Pamela Sheingorn. Myth, Montage, & Visuality in Late Medieval Manuscript Culture: Christine de Pizan’s Epistre Othea. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006.

Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500). Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française, Université de Lorraine, 2015. Online at

Doyle, A. I. “Appendix B: A Note on St. John’s College, Cambridge, MS.H.5.” In Scrope, The Epistle of Othea. Ed. Bühler. Pp. 125–27.

Doyle, Kara. “Beyond Resistance: Azalais d’Altier, Christine de Pizan, and the ‘Good’ Female Reader of Briseida.” Exemplaria 20 (2008), 72–97.

Drimmer, Sonja. “Failure before Print (The Case of Stephen Scrope).” Viator 46 (2015), 343–72.

———. The Art of Allusion: Illuminators and the Making of English Literature, 1403–1476. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.

Driver, Martha W. “‘Me fault faire’: French Makers of Manuscripts for English Patrons.” In Wogan- Browne et al., Language and Culture in Medieval Britain. Pp. 420–43.

Dulac, Liliane, and Bernard Ribémont, eds. Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan. Orléans: Paradigme, 1995.

Ehrhart, Margaret J. “Christine de Pizan and the Judgment of Paris: A Court Poet’s Use of Mythographic Tradition.” In Chance, The Mythographic Art. Pp. 125–56.

Evans, Ruth, Andrew Taylor, Nicholas Watson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne. “The Notion of Vernacular Theory.” In Wogan-Browne et al., The Idea of the Vernacular. Pp. 314–30.

Fenster, Thelma. “Who’s a Heroine? The Example of Christine de Pizan.” In Altmann and McGrady, Christine de Pizan: A Casebook. Pp. 115–28.

Fera, Rose Maria. “Metaphors for the Five Senses in Old English Prose.” Review of English Studies 63 (2012), 709–31.

Ferster, Judith. Fictions of Advice: The Literature and Politics of Counsel in Late Medieval England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.

Finke, Laurie A. “The Politics of the Canon: Christine de Pizan and the Fifteenth-Century Chaucerians.” Exemplaria 19 (2007), 16–38.

Flemming, Rebecca. “Women, Writing and Medicine in the Classical World.” Classical Quarterly 57 (2007), 257–79.

Forhan, Kate Langdon. The Political Theory of Christine de Pizan. Hampshire: Aldershot, 2002.

Fowler, David C., and Spencer Hill. “Harp.” In A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature. Gen. Ed. David Lyle Jeffrey. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1992. Pp. 330–32.

Fox, Denton. “Stephen Scrope, Jacques Legrand, and the Word ‘Mankyndely.’” Notes and Queries 227 (1982), 400.

Friedman, John Block. Orpheus in the Middle Ages. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Fumo, Jamie C. “Thinking upon the Crow: The Manciple’s Tale and Ovidian Mythography.” Chaucer Review 38 (2004), 355–75.

———. The Legacy of Apollo: Antiquity, Authority, and Chaucerian Poetics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Genet, Jean-Philippe. “Ecclesiastics and Political Theory in Late Medieval England: the End of a Monopoly.” In The Church, Politics and Patronage in the Fifteenth Century. Ed. Barrie Dobson. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1984. Pp. 23–44.

Gibbs, Stephanie Viereck. “Christine de Pizan’s Epistre Othea in England: The Manuscript Tradition of Stephen Scrope’s Translation.” In Contexts and Continuities: Proceedings of the IVth International Colloquium on Christine de Pizan (Glasgow 21–27 July 2000), Published in Honour of Liliane Dulac. Vol. 2. Ed. Angus J. Kennedy with Rosalind Brown-Grant, James C. Laidlaw, and Catherine M. Müller. Glasgow: University of Glasgow Press, 2002. Pp. 397–408.

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