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Confessio Amantis, Volume 1: Bibliography

Aarne, Antti. The Types of the Folk-Tale: A Classification and Bibliography. Trans. and enlarged by Stith Thompson. New York: B. Franklin, 1971.

Aers, David. “Reflections on Gower as ‘Sapiens in Ethics and Politics.’” In Yeager, 1998. Pp. 185–201.

Anatomy of Guy de Chauliae. In An Interpolated Middle English Version of the Anatomy of Guy de Chauliae. Ed. Björn Wallner. Lund: Lund University Press, 1995.

Andrews, John S. “Go Little Book.” Notes and Queries 197 (1952), 413.

Archibald, Elizabeth, ed. and trans. Apollonius of Tyre: Medieval and Renaissance Themes and Variations, Including a Text and Translation of ‘The Historia Apollonii Regis Tyrii.’ Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1991.

Augustine. On Christian Doctrine. Trans. D. W. Robertson, Jr. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1958.

———. The Trinity. Trans. Stephen McKenna. Fathers of the Church 45. Washington, DC: Catholic University Press of America, 1963.

———. Confessions. Trans. with introduction and notes by Henry Chadwick. Oxford: Oxford Univer­sity Press, 1991.

Averroës. Averrois Cordubensis Commentarium Magnum in Aristotelis De Anima Libros. Ed. F. Stuart Craw­ford. Cambridge, MA: The Medieval Academy of America, 1953.

Avianus. “The Fables of Avianus.” In Minor Latin Poets. Ed. and trans. J. Wight Duff. Loeb Classical Library. Latin Authors 284. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968.

———. The Fables of Avianus. Trans. David R. Slavitt. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Bacon, Roger. Communium naturalium. Ed. Robert Steele. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909.

Bakalian, Ellen Shaw. Aspects of Love in John Gower’s Confessio Amantis. London: Routledge, 2004.

Baker, Denise N. “The Priesthood of Genius: A Study of the Medieval Tradition.” Speculum 51 (1976), 277–91.

Baldwin, John. “The Medieval Merchant at the Bar of Canon Law.” Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 44 (1959), 287–99.

Bartholomaeus Anglicus. De proprietatibus rerum. See Trevisa, below.

Batchelor, Patricia. “Feigned Truth and Exemplary Method in the Confessio Amantis.” In Yeager, 1998. Pp. 1–16.

Beidler, Peter G., ed. John Gower’s Literary Transformations in the Confessio Amantis: Original Articles and Translations. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1982.

Beidler, Peter G. “Transformations in Gower’s Tale of Florent and Chaucer’s Wife of Bath’s Tale.” In Yeager, 1991. Pp. 100–14.

Bennett, J. A. W. “Gower’s ‘Honeste love.’” In Patterns Of Love and Courtesy: Essays in Memory of C. S. Lewis. Ed. John Lawlor. London: Edward Arnold, 1966. Pp. 107–21.

Bennett, Michael J. “The Court of Richard II and the Promotion of Literature.” In Chaucer’s England: Literature in Historical Context. Ed. Barbara Hanawalt. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 1992. Pp. 3–20.

Benoît de Sainte-Maure. Le roman de Troie. Ed. Léopold Constans. 6 vols. Société des anciens textes français. Paris: Librairie de Firmin-Didot et cie, 1904–12.

Berchorius, Petrus (Pierre Bersuire). Ovidius moralizatus. Werkmateriaal 1. Utrecht: Rijkuniversiteit, Instituut voor Laat Latijn, 1962.

Bloomfield, Morton W. The Seven Deadly Sins: An Introduction to the History of a Religious Concept, with Special Reference to Medieval English Literature. East Lansing: Michigan State College Press, 1952.

Boccaccio, Giovanni. Genealogie deorum gentilium libri. Ed. Vincenzo Romano. 2 vols. Scrittor d’Italia 200–01. Bari: G. Laterza, 1951.

———. Boccaccio on Poetry: Being the Preface and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Books of Boccaccio’s Genealogia deorum gentilium in an English Version with Introductory Essay and Commentary. Ed. and trans. Charles Osgood. New York: Liberal Arts Library, 1956.

Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus. Boethius: The Theological Tractates with English Translation by H. F. Stewart and E. K. Rand; The Consolation of Philosophy with English Translation of “I. T.” (1609) Revised by H. F. Stewart. Loeb Classical Library. London: William Heinemann, 1918.

———. Philosophiae Consolatio. Ed. Ludovicus Bieler. Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina 94. Turn­holt: Brepols, 1957. [For the Middle English translation that Gower doubtless knew, see Chaucer, “Boece,” The Riverside Chaucer, pp. 395–469.]

Bowers, John. The Crisis of Will in Piers Plowman. Washington, DC: Catholic University Press of America, 1986.

The Brut, or The Chronicles of England. Ed. Friedrich W. D. Brie. 2 vols. EETS o.s. 131, 136. Bungay: Richard Clay and Co., 1906–08. Rpt. London: Oxford University Press, 1960–71.

Bryan, W. F., and Germaine Dempster, eds. Sources and Analogues of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Lon­don: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1941.
Bühler, Curt F. “‘Wirk alle thyng by conseil.’” Speculum 24 (1949), 410–12.

Bullough, Geoffrey. Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare. 8 vols. New York: Columbia Uni­versity Press, 1957–75.

Burke, Linda Barney. “Women in John Gower’s ‘Confessio Amantis.’” Mediævalia 3 (1977), 239–59.

———. “The Sources and Significance of the ‘Tale of King, Wine, Women, and Truth’ in John Gow­er’s Confessio Amantis.” Greyfriar 21 (1980), 3–15.

———. “Genial Gower: Laughter in the Confessio Amantis.” In Yeager, 1989. Pp. 39–64.

Burrow, John A. Ricardian Poetry: Chaucer, Gower, Langland and the Gawain Poet. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971.

———. “The Portrayal of Amans in Confessio Amantis.” In Minnis, 1983. Pp. 5–24.

Carruthers, Mary J. The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. Cambridge: Cam­bridge University Press, 1990.

Chance, Jane. See Nitzsche, Jane Chance.

Chandler, Katherine R. “Memory and Unity in Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Philological Quarterly 71 (1992), 15–30.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Riverside Chaucer. Third edition. Gen. ed. Larry D. Benson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

Clarke, Edwin, and Kenneth Dewhurst. An Illustrated History of Brain Function. Oxford: Sanford Pub­lications, 1972.

Clarke, Maude V. Fourteenth Century Studies. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1937.

Coffman, George R. “John Gower in His Most Significant Role.” In Elizabethan Studies and Other Essays in Honor of George F. Reynolds. University of Colorado Studies. Series B, Studies in the Humanities vol. 2, no. 4. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 1945. Pp. 52–61.

———. “John Gower, Mentor for Royalty: Richard II.” PMLA 69 (1954), 953–64.

Coleman, Janet. Medieval Readers and Writers 1350–1400. New York: Columbia University Press, 1981. [See especially “John Gower’s Complaint,” pp. 126–56.]

Copeland, Rita. Rhetoric, Hermeneutics, and Translation in the Middle Ages: Academic Traditions and Ver­nacular Texts. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature 11. Cambridge: Cambridge Uni­versity Press, 1991.

Correale, Robert M. “Gower’s Source Manuscript of Nicholas Trevet’s Les Cronicles.” In Yeager, 1989. Pp. 133–57.

Craun, Edwin D. Lies, Slander, and Obscenity in Medieval English Literature: Pastoral Rhetoric and the De­viant Speaker. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. [See, especially, ch. 4: “Con­fessing the Deviant Speaker: Verbal Deception in the Confessio Amantis,” pp. 113–56.]

Cursor Mundi: A Northumbrian Poem of the XIVth Century. Ed. Richard Morris. 7 vols. EETS o.s. 57, 59, 62, 66, 68, 99, 101. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1874–93; rpt. 1961–66.

Damian-Grint, Peter. “Estoire as a Word and Genre.” Medium Ævum 66 (1997), 189–206.

Dean, James. “Gather Ye Rosebuds: Gower’s Comic Reply to Jean de Meun.” In Yeager, 1989. Pp. 21–37.

———. “Gower, Chaucer, and Rhyme Royal.” Studies in Philology 88 (1991), 251–75.

———, ed. Medieval English Political Writings. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1996.

Dictys, Cretensis. Dictys Cretensis et Dares Phrygius De Bello Trojano. Delphin Classics. London: A. J. Valpy, 1825.

Dihle, Albrecht. The Theory of Will in Classical Antiquity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Dimmick, Jeremy. “‘Redinge of Romance’ in Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” In Tradition and Trans­form­ation in Medieval Romance. Ed. Rosalind Field. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1999. Pp. 125–37.

Donaldson, E. Talbot. Speaking of Chaucer. New York: W. W. Norton, 1972.

Donavin, Georgiana. Incest Narratives and the Structure of Gower’s Confessio Amantis. English Literary Studies Monograph Series 56. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria, 1993.

Early English Versions of the Gesta Romanorum. Ed. Sidney J. H. Herrtage. EETS e.s. 33. London: Ox­ford University Press, 1962.

Echard, Siân. “Pre-Texts: Tables of Contents and the Reading of John Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Medium Ævum 66 (1997), 270–87.

———. “Glossing Gower: In Latin, in English, and in absentia: The Case of Bodleian Ashmole 35.” In Yeager, 1998. Pp. 237–56.

———. “With Carmen’s Help: Latin Authorities in the Confessio Amantis.” Studies in Philology 95 (1998), 1–40.

———, ed. A Companion to Gower. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004.

Echard, Siân, and Claire Fanger. The Latin Verses in the Confessio Amantis. See Gower, John.

Economou, George. “The Character Genius in Alain de Lille, Jean de Meun, and John Gower.” Chaucer Review 4 (1970), 203–10.

Edwards, A. S. G. “Selection and Subversion in Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” In Yeager, 1998. Pp. 257–67.

Emmerson, Richard K. “Reading Gower in a Manuscript Culture: Latin and English in Illustrated Man­u­scripts of the Confessio Amantis.” Studies in the Age of Chaucer 21 (1999), 143–86.

Esch, Arno. “John Gower’s Narrative Art.” Trans. Linda Barney Burke. In Nicholson, 1991. Pp. 81–108. First published as “John Gowers Erzählkunst.” In Chaucer und seine Zeit: Symposion für Walter F. Schirmer. Ed. Arno Esch. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1968. Pp. 207–39. [Considers narrative practice in “The Tale of Rosiphilee,” “Albinus and Rosemund,” and “The Tale of Constance.”]

Farnham, Anthony E. “The Art of High Prosaic Seriousness: John Gower as Didactic Raconteur.” In The Learned and the Lewed: Studies in Chaucer and Medieval Literature. Ed. Larry D. Benson. Har­vard English Studies 5. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974. Pp. 161–73.

Ferster, Judith. Fictions of Advice: The Literature and Politics of Counsel in Late Medieval England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996. [See, especially, ch. 7: “O Political Gower,” pp. 108–36.]

Fisher, John H. John Gower, Moral Philosopher and Friend of Chaucer. New York: New York University Press, 1964.

Fowler, Alastair. A History of English Literature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Fox, George F. Mediaeval Sciences in the Works of John Gower. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1931. Rpt. New York: Haskell House, 1966.

Fox, Hilary E. “‘Min herte is growen into ston’: Ethics and Activity in John Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Comitatus 36 (2005), 15–40.

Fredell, Joel. “Reading the Dream Miniature in the Confessio Amantis.” Medievalia et Humanistica 22 (1995), 61–93.

Gallacher, Patrick J. Love, the Word, and Mercury: A Reading of John Gower’s Confessio Amantis. Albu­quer­que: University of New Mexico Press, 1975.

Galloway, Andrew. “The Rhetoric of Riddling in Late-Medieval England: The ‘Oxford’ Riddles, the Secretum Philosophorum, and the Riddles of Piers Plowman.” Speculum 70 (1985), 68–105.

———. “Gower in His Most Learned Role and the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381.” Mediaevalia 16 (1993), 329–37.

———. “The Making of a Social Ethic in Late-Medieval England: From Gratitudo to ‘Kyndeness.’” Journal of the History of Ideas 55 (1994), 365–83.

———. “Middle English Poetics in the Circle of H. E. L.” Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Teaching 13 (2006). Forthcoming.

Geoffrey of Vinsauf. Poetria Nova of Geoffrey of Vinsauf. Trans. Margaret Nims. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1967.

Gesta Romanorum. Trans. Charles Swan. London: George Routledge and Sons, Ltd., 1905. [Latin version; for English versions, see Early English Versions of the Gesta Romanorum.]

Godfrey of Viterbo. Pantheon, sive Memoria Sæculorum. Patrologia Latina. Ed. J.-P. Migne. Paris: Migne, 1855. Parts 16–20. Vol. 198, cols. 871–1044.

———. “Cronica de Apollonio,” from the Pantheon. In Samuel Singer, Apollonius Von Tyrus. Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1895. Pp. 150–77.

Goodall, Peter. “John Gower’s Apollonius of Tyre: Confessio Amantis, Book VIII.” Southern Review [Aus­tralia] 15 (1982), 243–53.

Goolden, P. “Antiochus’s Riddle in Gower and Shakespeare.” RES 6 (1955), 245–51.

Gower, John. The Complete Works of John Gower. Ed. G. C. Macaulay. 4 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1899–1902. Vols. 2 and 3 rpt. as The English Works of John Gower. EETS e.s. 81–82. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., Ltd., 1900–01; rpt. Oxford University Press 1957, 1969. [Vol. 1 is the French works; vol. 4 is the Latin works.]

———. The Major Latin Works of John Gower: The Voice of One Crying [Vox Clamantis], and The Tripartite Chronicle. Trans. Eric. W. Stockton. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1962.

———. Confessio Amantis (The Lover’s Shrift). Ed. and trans. Terence Tiller. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1963.

———. Confessio Amantis, by John Gower. Ed. Russell A. Peck. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1968. Rpt. Medieval Academy Reprints for Teaching. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980. [Selections.]

———. Selections from John Gower. Ed. J. A. W. Bennett. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968.

———. The Latin Verses in the Confessio Amantis: An Annotated Translation. Ed. and trans. Siân Echard and Claire Fanger. With a preface by A. G. Rigg. East Lansing, MI: Colleagues Press, 1991.

———. Mirour de l’Omme (The Mirror of Mankind). Trans. William Burton Wilson. Rev. Nancy Wilson Van Baak. East Lansing, MI: Colleagues Press, 1992.

———. Confessio Amantis. Ed. Russell A. Peck, with Latin translations by Andrew Galloway. 3 vols. Kal­a­mazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2000–04.

———. In Praise of Peace. Ed. Michael Livingston. With The Minor Latin Works. Ed. and trans. Yeager.

———. The Minor Latin Works. Ed. and trans. R. F. Yeager. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Pub­lications, 2005.

Grady, Frank. “Gower’s Boat, Richard’s Barge, and the True Story of the Confessio Amantis: Text and Gloss.” Texas Studies in Language and Literature 44 (2002), 1–15.

Grant, Mary A., ed. and trans. The Myths of Hyginus. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1960. [Includes Fabulae 1–277 and Poetica astronomica, Book 2.1–43.]

Green, Eugene. “Speech Acts and the Art of the Exemplum in the Poetry of Chaucer and Gower.” In Literary Computing and Literary Criticism: Theoretical and Practical Essays on Theme and Rhetoric. Ed. Rosanne G. Potter. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989. Pp. 167–87.

Green, Richard Firth. A Crisis of Truth: Literature and Law in Ricardian England. Philadelphia: Univer­sity of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.

Griffiths, Jeremy. “Confessio Amantis: The Poem and Its Pictures.” In Minnis, 1983. Pp. 163–78.

Guido de Columnis [Guido delle Colonne]. Historia Destructionis Troiae. Ed. Nathaniel Edward Griffin. Cambridge, MA: The Mediaeval Academy of America, 1936.

———. Historia Destructionis Troiae. Trans. Mary Elizabeth Meek. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974.

Guillaume de Deguileville. The Pilgrimage of the Life of Man. Trans. John Lydgate. Ed. F. J. Furnivall and Katharine B. Locock. EETS e.s. 77, 83, 92. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1899, 1901, 1904.

Hahn, Thomas. “Old Wives Tales and Masculine Intuition.” In Retelling Tales: Essays in Honor of Russell Peck. Ed. Thomas Hahn and Alan Lupack. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1997. Pp. 91–108.

———, ed. Sir Gawain: Eleven Romances and Tales. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publi­cations, 1995.

Hamilton, George L. “Gower’s Use of the Enlarged Roman de Troie.” PMLA 20 (1905), 179–96.

———. “Some Sources of the Seventh Book of Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Modern Philology 9 (1912), 323–46.

———. “Studies in the Sources of Gower.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 26 (1927), 491–520.

Hanawalt, Barbara A. “Whose Story Was This? Rape Narratives in Medieval English Courts.” In “Of Good and Ill Repute”: Gender and Social Control in Medieval England. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Pp. 124–41.

Harbert, Bruce. “Lessons from the Great Clerk: Ovid and John Gower.” In Ovid Renewed: Ovidian In­fluences on Literature and Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. Ed. Charles Martindale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Pp. 83–97.

Higden, Ranulf. Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden. Monachi Cestrensis; together with English Translations of John Trevisa and an Unknown Writer of the Fifteenth Century. Vols. 1–2, ed. Churchill Babington; vols. 3–9, ed. Joseph Rawson Lumby. 9 vols. Rolls Series 41. London: Longman & Co., 1865–86. [See also “The English Polychronicon: A Text of John Trevisa’s Translation of Higden’s Poly­chron­icon, based on Huntington MS. 28561.” Ed. Richard Arthur Seeger. 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, Uni­versity of Washington, 1975.]

Hines, John. Fabliau in English. London: Longmans, 1993.

Hiscoe, David W. “The Ovidian Comic Strategy of Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Philological Quarterly 64 (1985), 367–85.

Hyginus. Fabularum liber. Basel, 1553. Rpt. New York: Garland, 1976. [Includes De planetis.]

———. Fabulae. [See Grant, above.]

———. Poetica astronomica. [See Grant, above.]

Jacquart, Danielle, and Claude Thomasset. Sexuality and Medicine in the Middle Ages. Trans. Matthew Adamson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988.

Jacques de Vitry. The Exempla or Illustrative Stories from the Sermones Vulgares of Jacques de Vitry. Ed. Thomas Frederick Crane. London: D. Nutt, 1890. Rpt. New York: B. Franklin, 1971.

Johannes de Hauvilla. Architrenius. Ed. and trans. Winthrop Wetherbee. Cambridge: Cambridge Uni­versity Press, 1994.

Jonson, Ben. Ben Jonson. Ed. C. H. Herford, Percy Simpson, and Evelyn Mary Spearing Simpson. 11 vols. Oxford: Clar­en­don Press, 1925–52.

Kaeuper, Richard W. Bankers to the Crown: The Riccardi of Lucca and Edward I. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Katz, Dennis M., trans. The Romances of Alexander. New York: Garland, 1991.

Kelly, Henry Ansgar. Love and Marriage in the Age of Chaucer. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975.

Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn, and Steven Justice. “Langlandian Reading Circles and the Civil Service in London and Dublin, 1380–1427.” New Medieval Literatures 1 (1997), 59–83.

Kibler, William. An Introduction to Old French. New York: Modern Language Association, 1984.

Kolve, V. A. Chaucer and the Imagery of Narrative: The First Five Canterbury Tales. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1984.

Langland, William. Piers Plowman. A Parallel-Text Edition of the A, B, C and Z Versions. Volume I. Text. Ed. A. V. C. Schmidt. London: Longman, 1995.

Laskaya, Anne, and Eve Salisbury, eds. The Middle English Breton Lays. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Insti­tute Publications, 1995.

Latham, R. E. Revised Medieval Latin Word-List. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965; rpt. 1980.

Latini, Brunetto. Li Livres dou tresor. Ed. Francis Carmody. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1948.

Lawton, David. “Dullness and the Fifteenth Century.” English Literary History 54 (1987), 761–99.

Lewis, C. S. The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936. Pp. 198–222.

Lindahl, Carl. “The Oral Undertones of Late Medieval Romance.” In Oral Tradition in the Middle Ages. Ed. W. F. H. Nicolaisen. Binghamton, NY: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1995. Pp. 59–75.

Little, Lester. “Pride Goes before Avarice: Social Change in Latin Christendom.” American Historical Review 76 (1971), 16–49.

Lopez, Robert Sabatino. The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages 950–1350. Cambridge: Cam­bridge University Press, 1976.

Luria, Maxwell S., and Richard Hoffman. Middle English Lyrics. New York: W. W. Norton, 1974.

Lynch, Kathryn L. The High Medieval Dream Vision: Poetry, Philosophy, and Literary Form. Stanford. CA: Stanford University Press, 1988.

Macaulay, G. C. “The Confessio Amantis.” In The Cambridge History of English Literature. Vol. 2: The End of the Middle Ages. Ed. A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1908. Pp. 166–76.

Machan, William. “Thomas Berthelette and Gower’s Confessio.” Studies in the Age of Chaucer 18 (1996), 143–45.

Mainzer, Conrad. “John Gower’s Use of the ‘Medieval Ovid’ in the Confessio Amantis.” Medium Ævum 41 (1972), 215–29.

Mast, Isabelle. “Rape in John Gower’s Confessio Amantis and Other Related Works.” In Young Medieval Women. Ed. Katherine J. Lewis, Noël James Menuge, and Kim M. Phillips. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999. Pp. 103–32.

Mathew, Gervase. The Court of Richard II. London: John Murray, 1968.

McKisack, May. The Fourteenth Century: 1307–1399. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959.

Middleton, Anne. “The Idea of Public Poetry in the Reign of Richard II.” Speculum 53 (1978), 94–114.

———. “Thomas Usk’s ‘Perdurable Letters’: The Testament of Love from Script to Print.” Studies in Bibliography 51 (1998), 63–116.

Mieszkowski, Gretchen. The Reputation of Criseyde: 1155–1500. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1971.

Minnis, A. J. “Late-Medieval Discussions of Compilatio and the Role of the Compilator.” Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur 101 (1979), 385–91.

———. “John Gower, Sapiens in Ethics and Politics.” Medium Ævum 49 (1980), 207–29.

———, ed. Gower’s ‘Confessio Amantis’: Responses and Reassessments. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1983.

———. Medieval Theory of Authorship: Scholastic Literary Attitudes in the Later Middle Ages. Second edition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.

———. “De Vulgari Auctoritate: Chaucer, Gower and Men of Great Authority.” In Yeager, 1991. Pp. 36–74.

Mitchell, J. Allan. Ethics and Exemplary Narrative in Chaucer and Gower. Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004.

Mustanoja, Tauno. A Middle English Syntax. Part I: Parts of Speech. Helsinki: Société Néophilo­lo­gique, 1960.

Myles, Robert. Chaucerian Realism. Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1994.

Nicholson, Peter. “Gower’s Revisions of the Confessio Amantis.” Chaucer Review 19 (1984), 123–43.

———. “The Dedications of Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Mediaevalia 10 (1984), 159–80.

———. An Annotated Index to the Commentary on Gower’s Confessio Amantis. Binghamton, NY: Medieval and Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1989.

———, ed. Gower’s Confessio Amantis: A Critical Anthology. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1991.

———. Love and Ethics in Gower’s Confessio Amantis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.

Nims, Margaret. “Translatio: ‘Difficult Statement’ in Medieval Poetic Theory.” University of Toronto Quarterly 43 (1974), 215–30.

Nitzsche, Jane Chance. The Genius Figure in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. New York: Columbia Uni­versity Press, 1975.

Oesterley, Hermann. Gesta Romanorum. Berlin: Weidmann, 1872.

Olsen, Alexandra Hennessey. “Betwene Ernest and Game”: The Literary Artistry of the Confessio Amantis. New York: Peter Lang, 1990.

Olsson, Kurt.“Natural Law and John Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” In Gower’s Confessio Amantis: A Critical Anthology. Ed. Peter Nicholson. Suffolk: Boydell and Brewer, 1991. Pp. 181–213. First pub­lished in Medievalia et Humanistica n.s. 11 (1982), 229–61.

———. John Gower and the Structures of Conversion: A Reading of the Confessio Amantis. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1992.

———. “Love, Intimacy, and Gower.” Chaucer Review 30 (1995), 71–100.

Owen, Charles A., Jr. Pilgrimage and Storytelling in the Canterbury Tales. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977.

Oxford English Dictionary. Second edition. Ed. J. A. Simpson and E. S. C. Weiner. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Parkes, M. B., and A. I. Doyle. “The Production of Copies of the Canterbury Tales and the Confessio Aman­­tis in the Early Fifteenth Century.” In Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts, and Libraries: Essays Pre­sented to N. R. Ker. Ed. M. B. Parkes and A. G. Watson. London: Scolar Press, 1978. Pp. 163–210.

Parkes, Malcolm. “Patterns of Scribal Activity and Revisions of the Text in Early Copies of Works by John Gower.” In New Science out of Old Books: Manuscripts and Early Printed Books: Essays in Honour of A. I. Doyle. Ed. Richard Beadle and A. J. Piper. London: Scolar, 1995. Pp. 81–121.

Paulus Diaconus. Historia Langobardorum. [N. p.]: P. Maglione, 1934.

Pearsall, Derek. “Gower’s Narrative Art.” PMLA 81 (1966), 475–84.

———. Gower and Lydgate. Harlow: Longmans, Green & Company, 1969.

———. “The Gower Tradition.” In Minnis, 1983. Pp. 179–97.

———. “Gower’s Latin in the Confessio Amantis.” In Latin and Vernacular: Studies in Late-Medieval Texts and Manuscripts. Ed. A. J. Minnis. York Manuscripts Conferences: Proceedings Series, 1989. Vol. 1, pp. 13–25.

Peck, Russell A. Kingship and Common Profit in Gower’s Confessio Amantis. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1978.

———. “Social Conscience and the Poets.” In Social Unrest in the Late Middle Ages. Ed. Francis X. Newman. Binghamton, NY: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1986. Pp. 113–48.

———. “John Gower and the Book of Daniel.” In Yeager, 1989. Pp. 159–87.

———. “The Problematics of Irony in Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Mediaevalia 15 (1993 for 1989), 207–29.

———. “The Phenomenology of Make Believe in Gower’s Confessio Amantis.” Studies in Philology 91 (1994), 250–70.

———. “The Politics and Psychology of Governance in Gower: Ideas of Kingship and Real Kings.” In Echard (2004). Pp. 215–38.

———. “Folklore and Powerful Women in Gower’s Tale of Florent.” Forthcoming in The English “Loathly Lady” Tales: Boundaries, Traditions, Motifs. Ed. S. Elizabeth Passmore and Susan Carter. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications.

Peter, John. Complaint and Satire in Early English Literature. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956.

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