Merlin

Merlin and Vivien

Merlin

CharactersName Variants: Merlyn, MyrddinBackground Essay Author: Alan Lupack
Merlin, Arthur's adviser, prophet and magician, is basically the creation of Geoffrey of Monmouth, who in his twelfth-century History of the Kings of Britain combined the Welsh traditions about a bard and prophet named Myrddin with the story that the ninth-century chronicler Nennius tells about Ambrosius (that he had no human father and that he prophesied the defeat of the British by the Saxons). Geoffrey gave his character the name Merlinus rather than Merdinus (the normal Latinization of Myrddin) because the latter might have suggested to his Anglo-Norman audience the vulgar word "merde." In Geoffrey's book, Merlin assists Uther Pendragon and is responsible for transporting the stones of Stonehenge from Ireland, but he is not associated with Arthur. Geoffrey also wrote a book of "Prophecies of Merlin" before his History. The Prophecies were then incorporated into the History as its seventh book. These led to a tradition that is manifested in other medieval works, in eighteenth-century almanac writers who made predictions under such names as Merlinus Anglicus, and in the presentaion of Merlin in later literature. Merlin became very popular in the Middle Ages. He is central to a major text of the thirteenth-century French Vulgate cycle, and he figures in a number of other French and English romances. Sir Thomas Malory, in the Morte d'Arthur presents him as the adviser and guide to Arthur. In the modern period Merlin's popularity has remained constant. He figures in works from the Renaissance to the modern period. In The Idylls of the King, Tennyson makes him the architect of Camelot. Mark Twain, parodying Tennyson's...

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Bannerman, Anne (1765 - 1829)
The Prophecy of Merlin - 1802 (Author)
Merlin's Youth - 1899 (Author)
Blackie, J. S. (1809 - 1895)
To Nimue - 1914 (Author)
The Wisdom of Merlyn - 1914 (Author)
Bridges, Sallie (1830 - 1910)
Merlin's Grave - 1864 (Author)
Merlin and the White Death - February 20, 1864 (Author)
Buchanan, Robert (1785 - 1873)
Merlin's Tomb - 1859 (Author)
Campion, Thomas (1567 - 1620)
An Epigram - 1607 (Author)
Cawein, Madison J. (1865 - 1914)
The Daughter of Merlin - 1907 (Author)
Collins, Mortimer (1827 - 1876)
Merlin - 1871 (Author)
Collins, W. Lucas (1815 - 1887)
Colum, Padraic (1881 - 1972)
Tom Thumb - 1863 (Author)
Cram, Ralph Adams (1863 - 1942)
Darley, George (1795 - 1846)
Merlin's Last Prophecy - July 1838 (Author)
The Story of Nimue - 1926 (Author)
The Youth of Sir Arthour - 1926 (Author)
Ludwig Uhland: Introduction - 2003 (Author)
Merlin Der Wilde - 1848 (Translator)
Merlin I - 1846 (Author)
Merlin II - 1846 (Author)
Merlin's Song - 1867 (Author)
Fawcett, Edgar (1847 - 1904)
Fielding, Henry (1707 - 1754)
Tom Thumb, a Tragedy - 1730 (Author)
The Tragedy of Tragedies - 1731 (Author)
Lament for Merlin et Al. - 2011 (Author)
Geoffrey of Monmouth (c. 1100-1155)
Giles, J. A. (1808 - 1884)
Greville, Fulke (1554 - 1628)
Sonnet XXIII - 1633 (Author)
Hawker, Robert Stephen (c. 1803 - 1875)
Heber, Reginald (1783 - 1826)
Hovey, Richard (1864 - 1900)
The Quest of Merlin: A Prelude - 1891 (Author)
Taliesin: A Masque - 1900 (Author)
Arthur from the Vita Merlini - 2007 (Translator)
Jonson, Ben (c. 1572 - 1637)
Merlin the Mad - 2003 (Author)
Lewis, M. G. (1775 - 1818)
Sir Guy the Seeker - 1809 (Author)
Lindsay, Vachel (1879 - 1931)
Merlin, A Drama in Three Acts - 1827; rpt. 1941 (Editor)
Milman, H. H. (1791 - 1868)
Pyle, Howard (1853 - 1911)
The Story of Merlin - 1903 (Author)
Reade, John (1837 - 1919)
Rhys, Ernest (1859 - 1946)
Merlin - 1917 (Author)
Rowley, William (1585? - 1626)
Vivian and Merlin - 1929 (Author)
Swift, Jonathan (1667 - 1745)
Idylls of the King - 1859-1885 (Author)
Merlin and the Gleam - 1889 (Author)
Merlin and Vivien - 1859-1885 (Author)
Uhland, Ludwig (1787 - 1862)
Merlin Der Wilde - 1848 (Author)
Veitch, John (1829 - 1894)
Merlin - 1889 (Author)
Westwood, Thomas (c. 1814 - 1888)
The Sword of Kingship - 1866 (Author)
Wilmer, Lambert A. (1805 - 1863)
Merlin, A Drama in Three Acts - 1827; rpt. 1941 (Author)
Merlin and Vivien - December 1894 (Author)