The Contents of Penn

THE CONTENTS OF PENN: FOOTNOTES


1 The only rivals in interest to Penn among anthologies of fourteenth-century French lyric texts are Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS naf. 6221, Westminster Abbey 21, and the two collections which contain Les Cents Ballades and lyrics of Granson: Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 2201, and Neuchâtel, Bibl. Arthur Piaget VIII. MS 6221 is discussed above. The Westminster Abbey manuscript is a good collection but contains only fifty-six pieces.

2 For Bertoni’s inventory, see No. 2, pp. 6–14, in the Key to Abbreviations for Editions.

3 For Mudge’s list, see No. 9, pp. 244–344, in the Key to Abbreviations for Editions.

4 Mudge, “Pennsylvania Chansonnier,” pp. 2–3.

5 See Mudge, “Pennsylvania Chansonnier,” pp. 247–48.

6 Mudge, “Pennsylvania Chansonnier,” p. 150.

7 Mudge, “Pennsylvania Chansonnier,” p.152.

8 Mudge, “Pennsylvania Chansonnier,” p. 264.

9 Mudge, “Pennsylvania Chansonnier,” p. 176.
 
Print Copyright Info Purchase

The Contents of Penn

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CONTENTS OF THE MANUSCRIPT

For the student of literature University of Pennsylvania MS French 15 is by far the most interesting extant anthology of fourteenth-century French lyrics. There exist from the time a number of important collections of the works of a single author: the Machaut manuscripts, the great Deschamps collection in Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 840, and the two Froissart manuscripts, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MSS fr. 830 and 831. There are also major chansonniers which assemble the words and music of a variety of fine lyrics, such as the Codex Reïna (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS naf. 6771) and the collection that belongs to the Musée Condé; in these, however, the interest of the words is unavoidably secondary to that of the music. No manuscript collection of poetic texts by various authors has come down to us which rivals Penn in importance.1 The quality of the selection is high, the range of the subjects and forms is wide, and the arrangement of the works reflects the thought and planning of a sensitive reader of literature, perhaps Oton de Granson or another friend of Chaucer. The contents of Penn provide a unique source of information about educated literary tastes and predilections in the fourteenth century, and they hold particular additional interest for Chaucerians.

Other than Giulio Bertoni’s defective inventory of Penn2 there has been no published list of its contents. Charles Mudge’s dissertation corrected Bertoni’s errors,3 but it has not been published. The list which follows here is indebted to Mudge’s “List of Incipits” for the check it provided on the numbering of the poems, on the transcription of the incipits, and on the record of manuscripts and editions. I have corrected and substantially supplemented Mudge’s information on these items, and have presented in addition an analysis of the versification of each work as well as individual notes on many of the lyrics which cover matters such as the relationships of the poems to each other, the existence of musical notations for the pieces, points of special interest about the poems, and Chaucerian connections. Except in remarking musical notation that exists for certain of the poems, these notes are not systematic; they are instead meant to be suggestive.

Among numerous indications of the anthologist’s care in arranging the contents of Penn are the customary alternation of forms, the maintenance of natural groups of works (for instance, double and triple balades), the frequent matching of poems in which men are the speakers with poems in which women speak, the varying of topics and the treatments of them, and the groupings of the works of Machaut and Granson. In Penn the metrics generally conform to the formes fixes practice of the century. A word perhaps is needed about the entries for the rondeaux and virelays. Both forms begin (and end) with their refrains, so the incipit of each poem is the first line of the refrain. This I have entered as the “incipit,” and for the “refrain” I have used the second line of the refrain, adding “etc.” if the refrain goes beyond two lines. With the virelays I have indicated the rhyme schemes up to the point that repetition begins.

Following are the salient physical features of Penn: It is of well-preserved parchment, its hundred folios measuring 30 by 24.2 centimeters. The poems are written in an attractive Gothic script throughout, probably by more than one scribe. The first folio begins with the rubric:
Ci sensuient plusieurs bonnes
pastourelles complaintes lays
et Ballades et autres choses

[Here follow a number
of good pastourelles, complaints, lays,
and balades and other things.]
Mudge describes the concluding folios as follows: “Lyric 310 ends on fol. 92d. On fol. 93a are five verses of a Petrarchan sonnet in a fifteenth-century Italian hand. Folios 93b to 95d are ruled, but blank. On fol. 96a is the beginning of an alphabetical index of incipits in a fifteenth-century Italian hand. The heading reads: “Rubricha infrascripta est per alphabetum.”4 Folios 96b to 100b are ruled, but blank. At the top of fol. l00c, in a third and different fifteenth-century Italian hand, are two verses of an Italian poem.

KEY TO ABBREVIATIONS FOR MANUSCRIPTS
(Inc: Incipit, Refr: Refrain, Auth: Author, MSS: Manuscripts, Metr: Meter, Ed: Editions)

The following list includes all manuscripts which contain more than one poem also found in University of Pennsylvania MS French 15.

 

1. Machaut Manuscripts: manuscripts wholly or primarily made up of works by Guillaume de Machaut
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
M
Pep    
PM
Vg
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 1584 — 102 texts in Penn (contains musical settings)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 1585 — 90 texts (musical settings)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 1586 — 61 texts (musical settings)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 1587 — 46 texts (words only)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 9221 — 99 texts (musical settings)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 22545 — 17 texts (musical settings)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 22546 — 94 texts (musical settings)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 881 — 16 texts (words only)
Paris, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, 5203 — 20 texts (words only)
Bern, Burgerbibliothek, 218 — 8 texts (words only)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 843 — 94 texts (words only)
Cambridge, Magdalene College, Pepysian Library 1594 — 3 texts (musical settings)
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, M.396 — 18 texts (musical settings)
New York, Gallery Wildenstein — 90 texts (formerly Vogüe manuscript; musical settings)
2. Granson Manuscripts (Granson composed no music)
GrA
GrB
GrC
Neuchâtel, Bibliothèque Arthur Piaget, VIII — 27 texts
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 2201 — 13 texts
Barcelona, Biblioteca Catalunya 8 — 8 texts
3. Other Manuscripts
Cam
Ch
DeA
DeB

Fl
Mo
PI
Pg
PR

Str

Tr

Ut
Vit

We
Z
Cambrai, Bibliothèque Communale 1328 — 3 texts (repertory manuscript with music)
Chantilly, Musée Condeé 1047 — 5 texts (repertory manuscript with music)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS naf. 840 — 1 text (the major Deschamps collection)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS naf. 6221 — 15 texts (words only; works mainly of
     Deschamps, but some anonymous and some by Machaut)
Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Panciatichi 26 — 2 texts (repertory manuscript with music)
Modena, Biblioteca Estense, 5.24 — 2 texts (repertory manuscript with music)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS ital. 568 — 2 texts
Prague, Biblioteca Universalis, XI.E9 — 2 texts (repertory manuscript with music)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS naf. 6771 — 6 texts (repertory manuscript with music;
     Codex Reïna)
Strasbourg, Bibliothèque de la Ville, m.222.c.22 — 4 texts (repertory manuscript with music;
     destroyed but index survives)
Château de Serrant (Maine-et-Loire), Bibliothèque de la Duchesse de la Tremoïlle — 6 texts (table
     of contents only survives)
Utrecht, Universiteitsbibliotheek, 6E37 — 2 texts (repertory manuscript with music)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 3343 — 2 texts (contains exchange between Vitry
     and le Mote; no music)
Westminster Abbey Library, 21 — 10 texts (words only)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS. fr. 1131 — 2 texts

KEY TO ABBREVIATIONS FOR EDITIONS
(This list includes all standard editions of the poems contained in University of Pennsylvania MS French 15 and most other editions of them. Complete reference for the editions are provided in the Bibliography.)
  1. Apel, Willi, ed. French Secular Compositions of the Fourteenth Century.
  2. Bertoni, Giulio. “Liriche di Oton de Grandson, Guillaume de Machaut e di altri poeti in un nuovo canzoniere.”
  3. Guillaume de Machaut. Guillaume de Machaut: Poésies lyriques. Ed. Vladimir Fedorovich Chichmaref.
  4. Guillaume de Machaut. Oeuvres de Guillaume de Machaut. Ed. Ernest Hoepffner.
  5. Le Jardin de Plaisance et Fleur de Réthorique.
  6. Kibler, William W., and James I. Wimsatt, eds. “The Development of the Pastourelle in the Fourteenth Century.”
  7. Ludwig, Friedrich. Guillaume de Machaut: Musikalische Werke.
  8. Guillaume de Machaut. Quinze poésies inédites de Guillaume de Machaut. Ed. Bernard Monod.
  9. Mudge, Charles R. “The Pennsylvania Chansonnier.”
  10. Orsier, Joseph. Un Ambassadeur de Savoie en Angleterre.
  11. Pagès, Amadée, ed. La Poésie française en Catalogne du XIIIe siècle à la fin du XVe siècle.
  12. Guillaume de Machaut. Le Livre du Voir Dit de Guillaume de Machaut. Ed. Paulin Paris.
  13. Piaget, Arthur. Oton de Grandson, sa vie et ses poésies.
  14. Eustache Deschamps. Oeuvres complètes d’Eustache Deschamps. Ed. Gaston Raynaud and le marquis de Queux de Saint-Hilaire.
  15. Schirer, G. Ludwig. Oton de Granson und seine Dichtungen.
  16. Guillaume de Machaut. The Works of Guillaume de Machaut. Ed. Leo Schrade.
  17. Guillaume de Machaut. Les Oeuvres de Guillaume de Machaut. Ed. Prosper Tarbé.
  18. Tarbé, Prosper, ed. Poésies d’Agnès de Navarre-Champagne.
  19. Le Dit de la Panthère d’Amours. Ed. Henry A. Todd.
  20. Pognon, E. “Ballades mythologiques.”
  21. Wilkins, Nigel E., ed. A Fourteenth-Century Repertory from the Codex Reïna.
  22. Guillaume de Machaut. La Louange des Dames by Guillaume de Machaut. Ed. Nigel E. Wilkins.
  23. Wilkins, Nigel E., ed. One Hundred Ballades, Rondeaux and Virelays.
  24. Wimsatt, James I. Chaucer and the Poems of “Ch.”
LIST OF CONTENTS OF PENN
1. fol. 1a [Pastourelle]
Inc: [U]n veil pastoure nomme hermans
Refr: Je le weil aussi le veult dieux
Metr: 5 sts. ababccddedE; envoy, ddeddE; octosyllabics
Eds: 2, 6
The first fifteen poems of Penn make a coherent group of five-stanza works, twelve pastourelles, and three serventois, composed in Picard dialect in early and mid-fourteenth century. No doubt they were written for the bourgeois puys rather than for the courts, for which the remaining poems in Penn seem to have been composed. See “Jean Froissart and the Pastourelle Section of Penn” (above) for more information.
 
2. fol. 1c





3. fol. 2a





4. fol. 2b






5. fol. 2d





6. fol. 3b
Pastourelle
Inc: Robin seoit droit delez un perier
Refr: Par la vertu de constellacion
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccddeddE; envoy, ddeddE; decasyllabics
Ed: 6

Pastourelle
Inc: En un friche vers un marchais
Refr: Se je truis mon proufit a faire
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdcD; no envoy; octobyllabics
Ed: 6

Pastourelle
Inc: Desa amiens plusieurs bergiers trouvay
Refr: Comment uns homs puet estre si quetis
        Envers uns autres ne si infortunez.
Metr: 5 sts. ababccddeDE; envoy, ddeDE; decayllabics
Ed: 6

Pastourelle de Justice
Inc: Plusieurs bergiers et bergerelles
Refr: Justice en va en ynde pour manoir (first half variable)
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdcD; envoy, ccdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 6

Pastourelle
Inc: Trois bergiers dancien aez
Refr: Un leu pour garder les oeilles
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccddeeffgG; envoy, ffgG; octosyllabics
Ed: 6
The metrics of this poem and the next have a significant likeness to Froissart’s pastourelles. In addition, both poems have historical and geographical references which suggest composition in or near Froissart’s (and England’s Queen Philippa’s) homeland about 1360 or shortly before.
 
7. fol. 3d Pastourelle
Inc: Madoulz li bergiers et ses fieulx
Refr: Aussi tost com crie St George
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccddeeffgfG; envoy, ffgfG; octosyllabics
This pastourelle concerns the bands of pillagers who roamed northern France in the 1350s and 1360s, crying “St. George.” But the cry did not mean they were English; in this case, they were Boulenois.
 
8. fol. 4c





9. fol. 5a





10. fol. 5c
Pastourelle amoureuse
Inc: Robin seoit et maret a plains camps
Refr: Par le corps dieu et vous ferez que sage (first half variable)
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccbbddbD; envoy, bbdD; decasyllabics
Ed: 6

Pastourelle
Inc: En un marchais de grant antiquite
Refr: Argus perdi sa femme vrayment
        Quot nom yo et si avoit c. yeulx
Metr: 5 sts. ababccdCD; envoy, ccdCD; decasyllabics

Pastourelle
Inc: Onques ne fu en mon dormant songans
Refr: Depuis le temps nabugodonozor (first half-line variable)
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdcD; envoy, ccdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 6
This “pastourelle,” and Poems 11 and 15, which are called “serventois,” are dream visions, though dream visions are typical of neither genre. This dream is under the aegis of the fairies.
 
11. fol. 5d Serventois amoureux
Inc: En avisant les esches atalus
Refr: Quonques ne fist orpheus ne seraine
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdcD; envoy, cdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 6
In this dream vision the narrator sees marvels assisted by the guidance of the “eagle of Theseus” and the “horse of Jason.” Certain matters of structure and content suggest Chaucer’s House of Fame, e.g., when the narrator, dangling from the talking eagle’s claw, sees beasts of the zodiac; and the second of the two places he visits is the “ostel Dedalus.”
 
12. fol. 6b Pastourelle amoureuse
Inc: Es plus lons jours de la Saint Jehan deste
Refr: Corps gracieux vrays humains paradis
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccbbdbD; envoy, bbdbD; decasyllabics
Ed: 6
The bergère in this poem inverts the aubade convention by reproaching the sun and the day for leaving too soon. One is reminded of Chaucer’s resuscitation of the aubade in Troilus and Criseyde and The Reeve’s Tale.
 
13. fol. 6d Serventois pastourel
Inc: Samours nestoit plus puissant que nature
Metr: 5 sts. ababccddc; envoy, ddc; decasyllabics
Ed: 6
Indications of an early date for this poem include its lack of refrain and its sharing stanza openings with a poem of Brisebarre le Court, who died before 1340. Our serventois may have been written for the same poetic contest as Brisebarre’s.5
 
14. fol. 7a





15. fol. 7c
Pastourelle
Inc: Decha brimeu sur un ridel
Refr: Tant grate chievre que gist mal
Metr: 5 sts. aabaabbccdccD; envoy, ccD; octosyllabics except short sixth lines
Ed: 6

Serventois
Inc: Par bas cavech et pesant couverture
Refr: Qui se nommoit fortune la dervee (first half-line variable)
Metr: ababbccdcD; envoy, ccdecD; decasyllabics
This dream vision is a political allegory, utilizing heraldic symbols, which involves the leopard of England (Edward III), the black lion of Flanders (probably Louis de Male), and the fleur de lis (the French king). Fortune taunts the leopard that his luck is gone.
 
16. fol. 8a Balade
Inc: La char dor fin gemme mena phebus
Refr: Cicropiens le clergie de bachus
Metr: 3 sts. ababbabA; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
Mudge includes this among “corrupt” and “insoluble” works in Penn.6 Its heavy use of often-obscure classical reference resembles that for which Vitry and Campion criticized Jean de le Mote.
 
17. fol. 8b





18. fol. 8c







19. fol. 10a
Balade
Inc: Qui est de moy vivant plus dolereux
Refr: Pointe trenchant regart de basilique
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Complaint de pastour et de pastourelle amoureuse
Inc: Une jeune gentil bergiere
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 19 sts. ababbccdeD; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC; Paris, BN f.fr.1131; f.fr. 24440; Carpentras, Bibl.
        Inguimbertine, fr. 390.
Eds: 10, 11, 13, 15, 17

Balade
Inc: Pitagoras en ses chancons divines
Refr: Fors seulement que de trompe et de harpe
Metr: 3 sts. ababccddedE; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
Music is the subject of this balade, but it evidently was not set to music. With the reference to Pythagoras, one might compare Chaucer’s Book of the Duchess, line 1167. The texts abound with such allusions.
 
20. fol. 10b Balade
Inc: Salus assez par bonne entencion
Refr: Car le couroux ny vault pas une maille
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; envoy, ccdcD; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC; Paris, Bibl. Rothschild 2796
Eds: 10, 11, 13, 15
Only twelve balades in Penn have envoys, and this is the only one before Poem 229. Envoys came to be added to balades in the latter part of the fourteenth century.
 
21. fol. 10c







22. fol. 10d
Balade
Inc: Je congnois bien les tourmens amoureux
Refr: Qui fondre peust et lui renouveller (first half-line variable)
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccddedE; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: Je vous choisy noble loyal amour
Refr: Que nulle autre jamais ne choisiray
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB; Brussels, Bibl. Royale 10961–70
Eds: 5, 13, 15
Except for the refrain and line 23, all lines begin “Je vous choisy.” The poem is called “Balade de Saint Valentin” in MS Gr2, and an envoy is added to it in Ed 5.
 
23. fol. 11a







24. fol. 11b








25. fol. 11c
Balade
Inc: Jay en mon cuer j. oeil qui toudiz veille
Refr: Qui mon cuer voit toudiz ou que je soye
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Eds: 2, 13

Balade
Inc: Loyal amour ardant et desireuse
Refr: Que de riens plus ne me souvient par mame
        Fors que amour et de ma belle dame
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccDD; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

La complainte de lan nouvel
Inc: Jadis mavint que par merancolie
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 8 sts. ababbcbc; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC
Eds: 10, 11, 13, 15
In MS GrB the title is “La complainte de lan nouvel que Gransson fist pour un chevalier quil escoutoit complaindre.” Its situation imitates that of the dream in Chaucer’s Book of the Duchess.
 
26. fol. 12a Complainte
Inc: Je souloye de mes yeulx avoir joye
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 12 sts. aaabaaabbbbabbba; decasyllabic except every fourth line tetrasyllabic
MSS: GrA; GrB
Eds: 13, 15
The first letters of the first six stanzas form the name ISABEL. Compare Poem 27. The reference is probably to Isabel of York in the first place, and perhaps to Isabel of Bavaria in the second. See "Chaucer and MS French 15 (Penn)," footnote 2.
 
27. fol. 13b Souhait en complainte
Inc: Il me convient par souhait conforter
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 64 lines decasyllabic couplets
MSS: GrA, GrB
Eds: 13, 15
The rubric in the manuscript was originally “Le Souhait Saint Valentin” (as in GrB), but was altered. The first letters of the first six lines form the acrostic ISABEL. Compare Poem 26. This and Poem 106 are the only works in Penn in decasyllabic couplets.
 
28. fol. 13d






29. fol. 14a
Lestraine du jour de lan
Inc: Joye sante paix et honnour
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 42 lines octosyllabic couplets
MSS: GrA, GrB
Eds: 10, 13, 15

Le Lay de desir en complainte
Inc: Belle tournez vers moy vos yeulx
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: Lay form with twenty-four stanzas in pairs, each with differing metrics, totaling
        210 lines
MSS: GrA, GrB
Eds: 10, 13, 15
A 165-line poem by Granson in Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 1131, edited separately in 13 and 15, opens with the same twenty-one lines as this poem.
 
30. fol. 15c Balade (“Complainte” effaced and “Balade” superimposed)
Inc: Il nest confort qui tant de bien me face
Refr: Car chascun a joie de li loer
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccB; decayllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC
Eds: 11, 13, 15, 24 (see above for this and poems 31–34)
This is the first of the series of five balades identified in MS GrB as “Les Cinq Balades Ensievans.” Chaucer imitated the first, fourth, and fifth (Poems 30, 33, and 34) in his “Complaint to Venus.”
 
31. fol. 15d Balade
Inc: A mon advis dieu raison et nature
Refr: Car trop par est son cuer plain de reffus
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccB; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC
Eds: 11, 13, 14, 24
The second of the Cinq Balades.
 
32. fol. 16a Balade
Inc: Or est ainsi que pour la bonne et belle
Refr: Priez pour moy tous le loyaulx amans
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccB; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC
Eds: 11, 13, 15, 24
The third of the Cinq Balades.
 
33. fol. 16b Balade
Inc: Certes amour cest chose convenable
Refr: Tout a rebours de ce quon veult trouver
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccB; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC
Eds: 11, 13, 15, 24
The fourth of the Cinq Balades.
 
34. fol. 16c Balade
Inc: Amours sachiez que pas ne le veulz dire
Refr: De li servir ne seray jamais las
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccB; decasyllabics
MSS: GrA, GrB, GrC
Eds: 10, 11, 13, 15, 24
The fifth of the Cinq Balades.
 
35. fol. 16c Balade
Inc: Dur moises de langoreuse mort
Refr: Vielle me lais qui jeune mas hussee
        Pour un annel de la fleur de soucie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcBC; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24 (see above)
As with Poem 7, Mudge includes this with “corrupt” and “insoluble” texts. It is closely related to “Ch” V (Penn Poem 61).
 
36. fol. 16d Balade
Inc: Ce quay pense voulez que je vous die
Refr: Il nest deduit qui vaille celui la
Auth: Attributed to Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: J
Ed: 3
Though it is found in the “secondary” Machaut collection, MS J, the poem is probably not Machaut’s.
 
37. fol. 17a Balade
Inc: Un vert jardin joly
Refr: Fu ce bien songie
Auth: Attributed to Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7b5a7b5b5c6b5c6
MS: J
Ed: 3
Balades with short lines like this one are very rare in Penn. As with Poem 36, it is probably not Machaut’s. It tells the narrator’s amorous dream.
 
38. fol. 17b Balade
Inc: Dedens mon cuer est pourtraite une ymage
Refr: Resjois est quiconques la regarde
Auth: Grimace
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: Bern, Burgerbibliothek, A421
Eds: 1, 9
Bern MS (K) presents first stanza only, with music. For Grimace, see "Chaucer and MS French 15 (Penn)"; see also Poems 190, 191 below.
 
39. fol. 17b Balade
Inc: Onques mais namay/ne ne demenay
Refr: Et point ne men refraindray
Metr: 3 sts. a5a5b7a5a5b7b7a7A7
Ed: 9
Another balade with short lines.
 
40. fol. 17c





41. fol. 17d






42. fol. 18a
Balade
Inc: Esgare sui en divers destour
Refr: Si vous suppli que madreciez en voye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: De bon eur en grant maleurete
Refr: Je sui banis de bonne compaignie
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MS: We
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Se tu monde estre veuls en ce monde
Refr: Ou estre pues devoure dun seul louf (variable)
        Quadroit nomme est cire mire bouf
Metr: 3 sts. ababbbCC
Eds: 9, 24 (see above)
Mudge includes the poem among the “corrupt” and “insoluble.” Its humor, however, is hardly inaccessible.7
 
43. fol. 18b [Balade]
Inc: He loyaute bien te pues reposer
Refr: Si est pitie quainsi loyaute dort
Auth: Ascribed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: DeB
Ed: 14
Probably by Deschamps. See above.
 
44. fol. 18b Balade
Inc: Vous qui avez pour passer vostre vie
Refr: Viellesce vient guerredon faut temps se passe
Auth: Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: DeA, DeB
Ed: 14
The only poem in Penn which appears in the major Deschamps collection, DeA. Deschamps quotes the first stanza in his Art de Dictier (Ed. 14, VII, 275).
 
45. fol. 18c Balade
Inc: Pymalion paris genevre helaine
Refr: Prouver le puis pour vray comme evangile
        Par salemon aristote et virgille
Metr: 3 sts. ababccDD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This balade gives eleven examples of victims of Venus.
 
46. fol. 18d




47. fol. 20b
Lay
Inc: Sans avoir joye deport
Metr: Does not adhere strictly to lay form. 24 sts., mostly paired, mostly
         a7a7a7b4a7a7a7b4; 190 lines

Balade
Inc: Quant plus regart le gracieux viaire
Refr: Vivre sans lui bonnement ne porroye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This is the first of a series of seven anonymous rhyme royal balades, Machaut’s favorite balade form. A devoted lover is the speaker in all seven.
 
48. fol. 20c





49. fol. 20d





50. fol. 20d





51. fol. 21a





52. fol. 21b





53. fol. 20d
Balade
Inc: Dame qui jain plus quautre creature
Refr: Comment vous ain de cuer de corps et dame
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Il a longtemps quen moy maint j. desir
Refr. Affin que soit de mamour plus certaine
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC: decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Amours me fist recevoir grant honnour
Refr: De la belle qui mes mauls tient en cure
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: La grant doucour et le courtois parler
Refr: Si doulcement quil nest riens qui manoye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Ne scay comment .j. cuer plain de doulour
Refr: Se longuement my faloit demourer
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Helas bien voy quil me couvient finer
Refr: Et a ma dame aussi me recommans
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This is a rhyme royal lover’s testament, comparable to Crisyede’s in Troilus and Crisyede IV.771–91, and Troilus’ in V.295–315.
 
54. fol. 21c





55. fol. 21d
Balade
Inc: Je ne puis trop amour louer
Refr: Et quanque jay desbatement
Metr: 3 sts. ababcdcD; octosyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Se veuls aujourdhui vivre en paix
Refr: Cest la chose dont plus tennorte
Auth: Attributed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababcdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 5, 14
MSS: DeB; Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MSS fr. 1140, 5727, 25434, naf. 10032;
        Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, 78 B 17; Cambrai, Biblioteca Municipale 811–12; Epinal,
        Bibliothèque de la Ville, 189; Rome, Vatican Ottobuona 1212; Turin, L.IV.3
Considering that it is an anonymous text without music, this balade is contained in an extraordinary number and range of manuscripts. It has the popular moral tone of much of Deschamps’ poetry, and is probably his.
 
56. fol. 22a





57. fol. 22b





58. fol. 22b





59. fol. 22c





60. fol. 22d





61. fol. 23a
Balade
Inc: Ou estes vous joye et esbatement
Refr: Donc en doulour me faut user ma vie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: De toutes roses ne qui qun seul bouton
Refr: Qui comparee puet estre a absalon
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Harpe rote eschiquier ciphonie
Refr: Me het de mort cest ma dame mamie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Je croy quil nest creature mondaine
Refr: Nest que tristour dont mon las cuer lermoye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: A vous dame humblement me complains
Refr: Vray cuer gentilz pour vostre amour morray
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Se la puissant royne semiramis
Refr: Tant que je peusse ma dame en aide avoir
Metr: 3 sts. ababccddeefF; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This poem provides probably the earliest extant list of the Neuf Preuses (Female Worthies), which Deschamps has been supposed to originate (See No. 14, XI, 226–27; and McMillan, “Men’s Weapons,” p. 137n2). In the light of the multiple classical allusions, and the poem’s position in Penn immediately preceding the exchange between Philippe de Vitry and Jean de le Mote, we might suppose the author to be Jean. The Neuf Preux were originated by Jacques de Longuyon in his Alexander romance, Les Voeux du paon (c. 1310). Jean, whose Parfait du Paon is a continuation of Jacques’ poem, would be a likely originator of the Preuses.
 
62. fol. 23b Balade
Inc: De terre en grec gaule appellee
Refr: En albion de dieu maldicte
Auth: Philippe de Vitry
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcdcD; octosyllabic except fifth lines have four syllables
MS: Vit
Eds: 9, 20, 24 (see above)
Mudge relegates this and the following poem by Jean de le Mote to his “obscure” classification.
 
63. fol. 23c La Response
Inc: O victriens mondains dieu darmonie
Refr: De terre en grec gaulle de dieu amee
Auth: Jean de Ie Mote
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
MS: Vit
Eds: 9, 20, 24 (see above)
For poems which provide a sequel to this exchange, found in Vit, see above.
 
64. fol. 23d




65. fol. 25a





66. fol. 25f





67. fol. 25b





68. fol. 25c





69. fol. 25d
Lay
Inc: Se fortune destinee et menee
Metr: 150 lines of from four to ten syllables divided into sixteen stanzas of varying length, not
        usually paired. It has the expected length but not the set form prescribed for the lay.

Balade
Inc: Amour vraye en paix seurement
Refr: Dont fait il bon vivre amoureusement
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Bien appartient a dame de hault pris
Refr: A dieu comment douceur et sa beaute
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Raison se seigne et honneur se merveille
Refr: Mon cuer mamour mesperance ma joye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Bien doy amours parfaitement loer
Refr: Sen loe amours et vous madame aussi
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Maint amant ay veu desconforter
Refr: Dont sens raison font plaintes et clamours
Auth: Attributed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MS: DeB
Ed: 14
Probably not by Deschamps. See above.
 
70. fol. 26a





71. fol. 26a
Balade
Inc: Se cruaulte felonnie et regour
Refr: Saroient il ce croy pitie de mi
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Se dieu me doint de vostre amour jouir
Refr: Honneur deduit bien paix sante ne joye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
Mudge notes that the incipit is like that of a Machaut balade, “Se Dieux me doint de ma dame joir.” The similarity extends no further.8
 
72. fol. 26b Balade
Inc: Qui des couleurs sauroit a droit jugier
Refr: Que fin azur loyaute segnefie
Auth: Guillaume de Machant
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MS: G
Eds: 3, 22, 23
Since this balade appears only in the latest “primary” Machaut collection, it was probably composed after 1364 and is the latest of the poems of Machaut in Penn. The color symbolism suggests Chaucer's Anelida and Arcite, lines 145–46, 180, 330, and the refrain of “Against Women Unconstant” — “In stede of blew, thus may ye were al grene.”
 
73. fol. 26c





74. fol. 26d






75. fol. 26d





76. fol. 27a




77. fol. 27b
Balade
Inc: Certes mes plours ne font que commancier
Refr: Amour le veult et mon cuer si ottrie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics.
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Il a long temps quamay premierement
Refr: Mais quant li plaist en gre recoy la mort
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: We
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Trop me merveil de ce monde present
Refr: Car ilz ne sont remery de personne
Metr: 3 sts. ababcdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Toutes vertus voy au jour dui perir
Refr: Dont nuit et jour mon cuer sueffre martire
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: A justement considerer
Refr: On na que sa vie en ce monde
Auth: Attributed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: ababbcC; seven-syllable lines
MS: DeB
Ed: 14
Probably by Deschamps.
 
78. fol. 27c




79. fol. 29a





80. fol. 29b





81. fol. 29b
Lay
Inc: Se pour doulereux tourment
Metr: Approximately lay form; 24 sts., generally paired, each pair with differing
        metrics; 191 lines

Balade
Inc: Se la sage rebeque estoit vivant
Refr: Par fausse envie et langue envenimee
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except seven-syllable fifth lines
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Aspre reffus contre doulce priere
Refr: Pour bien servir ay je tel guerredon
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Eds: 5, 9

Rondel
Inc: Doulce dame quant vers vous fausseray
Refr: Tout bien deveroit en mon cuer defaillir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 1ines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 17, 22
 
Poems 81–120 are all by Machaut; poems 81–113 all appear in manuscripts in Machaut's Louange des dames (lyrics not set to music).
 
82. fol. 29c Balade
Inc: Dame plaisant nette et pure
Refr: Sainsi nest que ne vous voye
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 6 sts. ababbcC; seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, J, K, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22, 23
In other manuscripts the rubric is “Balade double.”
 
83. fol. 29d







84. fol. 29d
Rondel
Inc: Mon cuer qui mis en vous son desir a
Refr: Mourra sa lui ne vous voit desiree
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Balade
Inc: Il nest doulour desconfort ne tristece
Refr: Et tout pour vous beaulz doulz loyaulz amis
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 12, 18, 22
Besides Louange this poem appears in Voir Dit.
 
85. fol. 30a







86. fol. 30a
Rondel
Inc: Cuer corps desir povoir vie et usage
Refr: En vous servir doulce dame mis ay
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Balade
Inc: Trop est crueulz le mal de jalousie
Refr: Il vaurroit mieux cent contre un estre coux
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 17, 22
The sentiment that it is better to be a cuckold than jealous would appeal to the Wife of Bath, though the narrator here — who is jealous — is prejudiced, as the Wife is for a different reason.
 
87. fol. 30b







88. fol. 30c







89. fol. 30c







90. fol. 30d







91. fol. 30d







92. fol. 31a







93. fol. 31a
Rondel
Inc: Blanche com lis plus que rose vermeille
Refr: Resplendissant com rubis doriant
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 17, 22

Balade
Inc: Doulce dame vo maniere jolie
Refr: Durement vif et humblement lendure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg, DeB
Eds: 3, 14, 22

Rondel
Inc: Dame je muir pour vous com pris
Refr: Pour bien amer dont mieux menprise
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: ABaAbAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Balade
Inc: Nulz homs ne puet en amours prouffiter
Refr: Telle est damours la noble seignourie
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, J, K, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Partuez moy a louvrir de voz yeulx
Refr: Dame de qui mercy ne puis atraire
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Balade
Inc. Je ne sui pas de tel valour
Refr: Jay bien vaillant un cuer dami
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababcdcD; octosyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, J, K, M, Vg, GrA
Eds: 3, 13, 18, 22

Chançon Royal
Inc: Onques mais nul nama si folement
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdd; envoy, dccd; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22, 23
Six of the eight chants royaux that Machaut wrote are found among Poems 93 to 104.
 
94. fol. 31c







95. fol. 31d







96. fol. 31d






97. fol. 32b
Rondel
Inc: Par souhaidier est mes corps avec vous
Refr: Dame et mes cuers en tout temps y demeure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Trop est mauvais mes cuers quen .ij. ne part
Refr. Pour vous que jaim loyaument sans partie
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Chançon royal
Inc: Amour me fait desirer loyaument
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. ababccddeed; envoy, deed; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: San cuer dolans de vous departiray
Refr: Et sans avoir joye jusques au retour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 12, 16, 17, 22
Besides in Louange this rondeau appears in the Voir Dit and set to music.
 
98. fol. 32b






99. fol. 32d







100. fol. 32d






101. fol. 33b







102. fol. 33b






103. fol. 33d







104. fol. 33d






105. fol. 34b
Chançon Royal
Inc: Cuers ou mercy faut et cruautez y dure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccb; envoy, cbbc; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Quant ma dame ne ma recongneu
Refr: Je doy moult bien sens perdre et congnoissance
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Chançon Royal
Inc: Je croy que nulz fors moy na tel nature
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. ababccdd; envoy, dccd; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: De plus en plus ma grief doulour empire
Refr: Dont moult souvent mes cuers souspire et pleure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; AbaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Chançon Royal
Inc: Se trestuit cil qui sont et ont este
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. ababccddee; envoy, cddee; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Pour dieu frans cuers soiez mes advocas
Refr: Vers mesdisans qui de mon bien nont cure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Chançon Royal
Inc: Se loyautez et vertus ne puissance
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdd; envoy, ababbccdd; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Certes mon oeil richement visa bel
Refr: Quant premier vi ma dame bonne et belle
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg, DeB
Eds: 3, 5, 7, 16, 22
Although this rondel appears without music in Louange, it appears set to music elsewhere; Deschamps quotes it in the Art de Dictier (Ed. No. 14, VII, 287).
 
106. fol. 34b Balade [for Complaine]
Inc: Deux choses sont qui me font a martire
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 36 lines decasyllabic couplets
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 12, 18
This and Poem 27 are the only poems in Penn in decasyllabic couplets.
 
107. fol. 34c







108. fol. 34d
Rondel
Inc: Doulce dame tant com vivray
Refr: Sera mes cuers a vos devis
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; octosyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, M, Vg; Stockholm, Kungliga Biblioteket, Vu22
Eds: 3, 17, 22

Balade
Inc: Je prens congie aus dames a amours
Refr: Quant jay perdu la rien que plus amoye
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MSS: A, E, G, M
Eds: 3, 22
Troilus and Criseyde, I.543 and III.115, has imagery of tears similar to that in this balade. Other echoes are found in Chaucer's "Complaint to Pity" and "Lak of Stedfastnesse."
 
109. fol. 34d








110. fol. 35a
Rondel
Inc: Se tenir veulz le droit chemin donneur
Refr: Ce que tu as aux bons liement donne
        Et ce que n'as promet a chiere bonne
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 11 lines; ABBaAabbABB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Complainte
Inc: Amours tu mas tant este dure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 32 sts. aaabaaab bbbcbbbc, etc.; octosyllabic except fourth lines have four syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22
 
Chaucer uses lines 1–8 of this poem in Book of the Duchess, lines 16–21.
 
111. fol. 37a Rondel
Inc: Se vo courroux me dure longuement
Refr: Je ne puis pas avoir longue duree
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22
Machaut has another rondel in the Louange with the same first lines.
 
112. fol. 37a Complainte
Inc: Mon cuer mamour ma dame souveraine
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 12 sts. aaabaaabbbbabbba; decasyllabics except fourth lines have four syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22
The first sixteen lines form an acrostic MARGUERITE/PIERRE, referring to Pierre of Cyprus, who was in England in 1363 promoting his crusade, and probably Marguerite of Flanders.
 
113. fol. 38c







114. fol. 38c
Rondel
Inc: Je ne pourroye en servant desservir
Refr: Ce quamours veult dame que je vous serve
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Mercy vous pri ma doulce dame chiere
Refr: Qua moy ne soit par vous joye encherie
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
This poem appears among Machaut's rondeaux set to music.
 
115. fol. 38d Balade
Inc: Amours me fait desirer
Refr: Que je laye sans rouver
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7a4b7a4a4b7b7b4a7b7b4A7
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 8, 16, 22, 23
Appears both in Louange and among balades set to music.
 
116. fol. 38d Rondel
Inc: Quant jay lespart
Refr: De vo regart
        Dame donnour
        Son doulz espart
        En moy espart
        Toute doucour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 24 lines; AABAABaab, etc.; four-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among Machaut's rondeaux set to music.
 
117. fol. 39a Rondel
Inc: Comment puet on mieulx ses maulz dire
Refr: A dame qui congnoist honnour
        Et com laime de vraye amour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 13 lines; ABBabABabbABB; octosyllabics
MSS: A, B, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Except for line length, this rondeau has the same versification as Chaucer's rondeaux in Parliament of Fowls and "Merciles Beaute."
 
118. fol. 39a







119. fol. 39b
Balade
Inc: Trop me seroit grief chose a soustenir
Refr: Tant pour sonnour com pour la paix de mi
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
This poem is identical to Poem 81.
 
106. fol. 34b Balade [for Complaine]
Inc: Deux choses sont qui me font a martire
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 36 lines decasyllabic couplets
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 12 ,18
This and Poem 27 are the only poems in Penn in decasyllabic couplets.
 
107. fol. 34c







108. fol. 34d
Rondel
Inc: Doulce dame tant com vivray
Refr: Sera mes cuers a vos devis
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; octosyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, M, Vg; Stockholm, Kungliga Biblioteket, Vu22
Eds: 3, 17, 22

Balade
Inc: Je prens congie aus dames a amours
Refr: Quant jay perdu la rien que plus amoye
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MSS: A, E, G, M
Eds: 3, 22
Troilus and Criseyde, I.543 and III.115, has imagery of tears similar to that in this balade. Other echoes are found in Chaucer’s “Complaint to Pity” and “Lak of Stedfastnesse.”
 
109. fol. 34d








110. fol. 35a
Rondel
Inc: Se tenir veulz le droit chemin donneur
Refr: Ce que tu as aux bons liement donne
        Et ce que n’as promet a chiere bonne
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 11 lines; ABBaAabbABB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Complainte
Inc: Amours tu mas tant este dure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 32 sts. aaabaaab bbbcbbbc, etc.; octosyllabic except fourth lines have four syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22
Chaucer uses lines 1–8 of this poem in Book of the Duchess, lines 16–21.
 
111. fol. 37a Rondel
Inc: Se vo courroux me dure longuement
Refr: Je ne puis pas avoir longue duree
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22
Machaut has another rondel in the Louange with the same first lines.
 
112. fol. 37a Complainte
Inc: Mon cuer mamour ma dame souveraine
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 12 sts. aaabaaabbbbabbba; decasyllabics except fourth lines have four syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22
The first sixteen lines form an acrostic MARGUERITE/PIERRE, referring to Pierre of Cyprus, who was in England in 1363 promoting his crusade, and probably Marguerite of Flanders.
 
113. fol. 38c







114. fol. 38c
Rondel
Inc: Je ne pourroye en servant desservir
Refr: Ce quamours veult dame que je vous serve
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
Inc: Mercy vous pri ma doulce dame chiere
Refr: Qua moy ne soit par vous joye encherie
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
This poem appears among Machaut’s rondeaux set to music.
 
115. fol. 38d Balade

Inc: Amours me fait desirer
Refr: Que je laye sans rouver
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7a4b7a4a4b7b7b4a7b7b4A7
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 8, 16, 22, 23
Appears both in Louange and among balades set to music.
 
116. fol. 38d Rondel
Inc: Quant jay lespart
Refr: De vo regart
        Dame donnour
        Son doulz espart
        En moy espart
        Toute doucour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 24 lines; AABAABaab, etc.; four-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among Machaut's rondeaux set to music.
 
117. fol. 39a Rondel
Inc: Comment puet on mieulx ses maulz dire
Refr: A dame qui congnoist honnour
        Et com laime de vraye amour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 13 lines; ABBabABabbABB; octosyllabics
MSS: A, B, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Except for line length, this rondeau has the same versification as Chaucer's rondeaux in Parliament of Fowls and “Merciles Beaute.”
 
118. fol. 39a







119. fol. 39b
Balade
Inc: Trop me seroit grief chose a soustenir
Refr: Tant pour sonnour com pour la paix de mi
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Rondel
This poem is identical to Poem 81.
 
120. fol. 39b







121. fol. 40d




122. fol. 41a
Lay
Inc: Pour ce quen puist mieulx retraire
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 240 lines; in lay form of twenty-four sts. matched in pairs.
        Complex rhymes with many short lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Ed: 3

Virelay
Inc: Fin cuer tresdoulz a mon vueil
Refr: Font en vous leur droit sejour, etc.
Metr: 33 lines; ABBABbabaabbab, etc.; seven-syllable lines

Balade
Inc: Espris damours nuit et jour me complains
Refr: Traire il mest grief mais ne men puis retraire
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: We
Ed: 9
This balade has “retrograde” rhymes, with the rhyme syllables repeated at beginning of next lines.
 
123. fol. 41b




124. fol. 41c
Virelay
Inc: Doulz regart par subtil atrait
Refr: Au cuer ma si feru et trait, etc.
Metr: 37 lines; AABBAccdccdaabba, etc.; octosyllabics

Rondel
Inc: Revien espoir confort aie party
Refr: Car pitez sest en ma dame endormy
Metr: 8 lines; AbaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: Cam, Tr, Str, Ut
Ed: 1
Appears in Cam and Ut set to music (forms double rondeau with Poem 125).
 
125. fol. 41d Rondel
Inc: Espoir me faut a mon grant besoin
Refr: Com plus me voit en peril plus selongne
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB
MSS: Cam, Tr, Str, Ut
Ed: 1
Appears (with Poem 124) in Cam and Ut set to music.
 
126. fol. 416





127. fol. 42a
Virelay
Inc: Par un tout seul escondire
Refr: De bouche et non du cuer fait, etc.
Metr: 28 lines; ABBAbabaabba, etc.; seven-syllable lines

Balade
Inc: Un chastel scay es droiz fiez de lempire
Refr: Cilz chasteaulz est la perilleuse garde
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
The narrative of this balade, parallel to the Roman de la Rose, presents the narrator entering the castle of Venus in defiance of a “dame de raison.”
 
128. fol. 42a




129. fol. 42c





130. fol. 42d




131. fol. 43a




132. fol. 43b





133. fol. 43c




134. fol. 43d
Virelay
Inc: Vostre oeil par fine doucour
Refr: Mont mis en plaisant labour, etc.
Metr: 53 lines; AABBAccdccdaabba, etc.; seven-syllable lines

Balade
Inc: Beaute flourist et jeunesce verdoye
Refr: Celle que dieux et nature ot si chier
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Virelay
Inc: Sans faire tort a nullui
Refr: Puis je bien amer et doy, etc.
Metr: 40 lines; ABBAbabaabba, etc.; seven-syllable lines

Virelay
Inc: Biaute bonte et doucour
Refr: Faiticite sans folour, etc.
Metr: 47 lines; AABBAcdcdaabba, etc.; seven-syllable lines

Balade
Inc: Larriereban de mortele doulour
Refr: Qui par longtemps ma tenu compaignie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC
Eds: 5, 9

Virelay
Inc: Je me doing a vous ligement
Refr: Ne je nay dautre amour cure, etc.
Metr: 40 lines; ABABcdcdabab, etc.; octosyllabics

Balade
Inc: Quiconques se complaigne de fortune perverse
Refr: Qui ma rendu ladvis et fait dun fol .j. sage
Auth: Attributed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC, twelve-syllable lines
MS: DeB
Ed: 14
Few formes fixes lyrics are composed of alexandrine lines as this one is. It is probably by Deschamps.
 
135. fol. 44a




136. fol. 44b
Virelay
Inc: Onques narcisus en la clere fontaine
Refr: Ne se mira si perilleusement, etc.
Metr: 28 lines; ABABcdcdabab, etc.; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Se lucresse la tresvaillant rommaine
Refr: A dalida jhezabel et thays
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MS: GrA
Ed: 13
Following Machaut in attacking slanderers, Granson brings forward many literary examples.
 
137. fol. 44c Lay
Inc: Amours se plus demandoie
Expl: Explicit le lay du paradis damours
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 198 lines; twenty-four sts. matched in pairs; complex rhymes; many short lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, J, K, M, Vg; Paris, BN f.fr. 7220
Eds: 3, 18
This lay is an important source of Antigone’s song in Troilus and Criseyde II.827–75. As is not uncommon with formes fixes lyrics, a lady is the narrator here.
 
138. fol. 46a





139. fol. 46c




140. fol. 47a




141. fol. 47b




142. fol. 47c







143. fol. 47d




144. fol. 48a
Virelay
Inc: A toy doulz amis seulement me complains
Refr: Et descuevre celeement mes dolens plains, etc.
Metr: 66 lines; AABAABcccdcccdaabaab, etc.; eight-, ten-, eleven-, and twelve-syllable
        lines

Virelay
Inc: A poy que mon cuer ne fent
Refr: Tant suis dolent, etc.
Metr: 73 lines; AABBAABcccdcccdaabbaab, etc.; seven- and four-syllable lines

Virelay
Inc: Avec ce que ne puis plaire
Refr: A ma dame debonnaire, etc.
Metr: 47 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc.; seven- and five-syllable lines

Virelay
Inc: Mon tresdoulz cuer et ma tresdouce amour
Refr: Mon bien ma joye et mon tresdoulz desir
Metr: 33 lines; ABBABabababbab, etc; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Amis mon cuer et toute ma pensee
Refr: Vous ameray tous les jours de ma vie
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 18, 22

Virelay
Inc: Nest merveille se je change coulour
Refr: Et se sempre ades de jour en jour, etc.
Metr: 36 lines; AABBAcdcdaabba, etc.; decasyllabics

Virelay
Inc: Tresdoulz et loyaulz amis
Refr: Cuer et parfaite penser, etc.
Metr: 60 lines; ABABBAccdccdababba, etc.; seven-syllable lines
MS: PR
Eds: 1, 21
Set to music in PR.
 
145. fol. 48b [Rondel]
Inc: Puis quen oubli sui de vous doulz amis
Refr: Vie amoureuse et joye a dieu comment
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, E, G, M
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in Machaut collections among rondeaux set to music.
 
146. fol. 48c







147. fol. 48c
Balade
Inc: En lonneur de ma doulce amour
Refr: Mais sil leur plaist il me plaist bien aussi
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabic except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Balade
Inc: Honte paour doubtance de meffaire
Refr: Qui de sonnour veult faire bonne garde
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabic except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, D, G, J, M, Vg, DeB, Fl, Tr, We
Eds: 3, 7, 14, 16, 22
As its appearance in several standard manuscript anthologies testifies, this balade was very popular. It offers words of advice to ladies concerning cautious and moral behavior in affairs of love. It is set to music in several manuscripts.
 
148. fol. 48d Rondel
Inc: Helas pourquoy se demente et complaint
Refr: Mon cuer dolent de sa dure doulour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s rondeaux set to music.
 
149. fol. 49a Chanson [Royal]
Inc: Joie plaisance et doulce nourreture
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 5 sts. a10b10a10b10b6c8c8d8d5; envoy, cdd
MSS: A, B, C, E, F, J, K, M, Pep, PM, Vg
Eds: 4, 7, 16
This and the next poem are from Machaut’s long dit, Remede de Fortune. The fact that most of his poems preceding these in Penn come from the Louange and most that follow from the lyrics set to music and the Voir Dit suggests that the anthologist was drawing from a Machaut collection like E, made for the duke of Berry. See above.
 
150. fol. 49b Virelay
Inc: Dame a vous sans retollir
Refr: Doing cuer pensee desir, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 ll. AABBAABaabaabaabbaab; four- and seven-syllable lines.
MSS: A, B, C, E, F, J, K, M, Pep, PM, Vg
Eds: 4, 7, 16
Lyrics like this one and the preceding, which are intercalated in Remede de Fortune, are set to music in several manuscripts.
 
151. fol. 49d Balade
Inc: Une vipere ou cuer ma dame maint
Refr: Cil troy mont mort et elle que diex gart
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabic except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, We
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 22
This poem is found both in Louange and among balades set to music. The lady has a viper in her heart, a scorpion in her mouth, and a basilisk in her eye, yet the lover invokes God’s protection on her.
 
152. fol. 49d Balade
Inc: Nen fait nen dit nen pensee
Refr: Tant com je vivray
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7b5a7b5b5a7B5
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Found in manuscripts among balades set to music.
 
153. fol. 50a Balade
Inc: Je puis trop bien ma dame comparer
Refr: Quades la pry et riens ne me respont
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabic except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, D, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 5, 7, 16, 17, 22
Found both in Louange and among balades set to music.
 
154. fol. 50b Balade
Inc: Riches damour et mendians damie
Refr: Quant ma dame me het et je laour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 17
Found in manuscripts among balades set to music.
 
155. fol. 50c Balade
Inc: Douls amis oy mon complaint
Refr: Quant tes cuers en moy ne maint
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7a4a3b7a7a4a3b7b4b3a7b4b3A7
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 18, 23
Found in manuscripts among balades set to music.
 
156. fol. 50d





157. fol. 51a







158. fol. 51b
Balade
Inc: Le desconfort de martire amoureux
Refr: En desirant vostre doulce mercy
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed. 9

Balade
Inc: Ceulz dient qui ont ame
Refr: Pour ce nameray plus
Auth: Attributed to Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; seven-syllable lines
MS: J
Ed: 3

Balade
Inc: Se je me plain je nen puis mais
Refr: Ma dame ma congie donne
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s balades set to music.
 
159. fol. 51c [Balade]
Inc: Dame plaisant de beaute souveraine
Refr: A vous mottry fin cuer gay bonne foy
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
The metrics of this poem are remarkable. Each line divides in three to form vertically three poems rhyming ababbcbC.9
 
160. fol. 51c Balade
Inc: Phiton le merveilleux serpent
Refr: Quant a ma dame mercy quier
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; octosyllabics
MSS: A, E, G, J, M, Tr
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 23
Appears among Machaut’s balades set to music.
 
161. fol. 52a Rondel
Inc: Dame se vous navez aperceu
Refr: Que je vous aim de cuer sans decevoir
        Essayes le si le sarrez de voir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 13 lines; ABBabABabbABB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 12, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s rondeaux set to music and in Voir Dit.
 
163. fol. 52b Rondel
Inc: Quant ma dame les mauls damer maprent
Refr: Elle me puet aussi les biens aprendre
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllablics
MSS: A, E, G, M
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among Machaut’s rondeaux set to music.
 
164. fol. S2c Balade
Inc: De fortune me doy plaindre et loer
Refr: Dame qui fust si tres bien assenee
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except seven-syllable fifth lines
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M, Vg, Ch, PR, Str, Tr
Eds: 3, 5, 7, 16, 22
This popular balade, in which a lady laments the change in her fortunes in love, appears in manuscripts both in the Louange and among the balades set to music. A second balade in PR inverts the incipit and refrain of this poem.
 
165. fol. 52c Balade
Inc: Dame de moy bien amee
Refr: Que lun de nous deux ait congie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; octosyllabics
Ed: 9
This poem presents an interesting variation. The lover asks the lady to choose between him and his rival.
 
166. fol. 52d Balade
Inc: Se quanquamours puet donner a ami
Refr: Contre le bien et la joye que jay
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg, We
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among Machaut’s balades set to music.
 
167. fol. 53a Lay
Inc: Ne scay comment commencier
Expl: Explicit le lay de limage
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 224 lines; lay form; twenty-four sts. in pairs, each with differing metrics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Set to music in some manuscripts.
 
168. fol. 54d [Balade]
Inc: Beaute qui toutes autres pere
Refr: Mont a ce mis que pour amer mourray
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 17
Appears among Machaut’s balades set to music.
 
169. fol. 54d Balade
Inc: Sans cuer men vois doulent et esplourez
Refr: En lieu du cuer dame quil vous demeure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics, except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
This and the following two balades have the same form and same refrain, and they are set to the same music (Triple balade).
 
170. fol. 55a Balade
Inc: Amis dolens mas et desconfortez
Refr: En lieu du cuer dame qui vous demeure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3 ,7, 16
See note to Poem 169.
 
171. fol. 55b Balade
Inc: Dame par vous me sens reconfortez
Refr: En lieu du cuer dame quil vous demeure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
See note to Poem 169.
 
172. fol. 55c Demi Lay
Inc: Ma chiere dame a vous mon cuer envoy
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. aaabaaabbbbabbba; decasyllabic except fourth lines have four syllables
MSS: E, G
Eds: 3, 7, 16
The metrics do not conform to any of the formes fixes. Machaut uses the same stanza in several complaints. Appears in E and G among balades set to music.
 
173. fol. 56a [Balade]
Inc: Gais et jolis lies chantans et joyeux
Refr: Tout pour lespoir que jay de lui veoir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg, Mo, PR, We
Eds: 2, 3, 7, 16, 22
Appears in manuscripts among balades set to music and in Louange.
 
174. fol. 56a Balade
Inc: De triste cuer faire joyeusement
Refr: Triste dolent qui larmes de sang pleure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg, DeB
Eds: 3, 7, 14, 16
Chaucer's Complaint of Mars, lines 155–59, shows important correspondences to this rhyme royal balade, which appears in Louange, among balades set to music, and in Voir Dit. The two poems which follow have the same form and refrain, and are set to the same music (Triple balade).
 
175. fol. 56b Balade
Inc: Quant vrais amans aime amoureusement
Refr: Triste dolent qui larmes de sang pleure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
See note to Poem 174.
 
176. fol. 56c Balade
Inc: Certes je dy et senquier jugement
Refr: Triste doulent qui larmes de sang pleure
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
See note to Poem 174.
 
177. fol. 56d Rondel
Inc: Tant doulcement me sens emprisonnez
Refr: Quonques amant not si doulce prison
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Pe, Vg, Tr
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s rondeaux set to music.
 
178. fol. 56d Balade
Inc: Quant theseus hercules et jason
Refr: Je voy assez puis que je voy ma dame
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, E, F, G, M, Vg, Ch, DeB, PR
Eds: 3, 7, 12, 14, 16, 17, 21, 23
This and the next balade have the same form, refrain, and music (Double balade). They appear in the Voir Dit, as well as among balades set to music, and were obviously quite popular.
 
179. fol. 57a Balade
Inc: Ne quier veoir la beaute dabsalon
Refr: Je voy assez puis que je voy ma dame
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, E, F, G, M, PM, Vg, Ch, DeB, PR
Eds: 3, 7, 12, 14, 16, 17, 21, 23
See note to poem 178. Froissart’s Balade VI imitates this poem, having a similar incipit and identical refrain. The list of nonpareils, cited for beauty, strength, wisdom, etc., bears comparison with the list of Chaucer’s Book of the Duchess, lines 1056–72.
 
180. fol. 57b





181. fol. 57b
Balade
Inc: Flour de beaute de tresdoulce oudour plaine
Refr: Je nen puis mais se je men desconforte
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Se vous nestes pour mon guerredon nee
Refr: Dame mar vy vo doulz regart riant
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, PM, Vg, Ca, Fl, Mo, Pg
Eds: 2, 3, 5, 7, 16
Appears among rondeaux set to music in manuscripts.
 
182. fol. 57c Lay
Inc: Sonques doloureusement
Expl: Explicit un lay (other MSS: “Le Lay de comfort”)
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 272 lines; with twenty-four sts. in matched pairs of differing metrics
MSS: A, B, E, G, J, K, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Chaucer uses lines 10–13 of this lay in Book of the Duchess, lines 693–96. The lay is set to music in some manuscripts.
 
183. fol. 59c






184. fol. 59c
Balade
Inc: Mercy ou mort ay long temps desire
Refr: Si prie amours que mort ou amez soye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: PR
Ed: 5, 9, 21

Balade
Inc: He doulz regart pourquoy plantas lamour
Refr: Maudit de dieu soit qui en toy se fie
Auth: Ascribed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: DeB
Eds: 5, 14
The poem is probably not by Deschamps.
 
185. fol. 59d Virelay baladé
Inc: Combien qua moy lointeine
Refr: Soyes dame donnour, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 40 lines; ABABabababab, etc.; six-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 1, 3, 7, 16
The adjective “baladé” in the virelay rubrics indicates that the poem is set to music (though it is not in Penn, of course, which has only the words of the poems).
 
186. fol. 60a Virelay baladé
Inc: Puis que ma doulour agree
Refr: A la debonnaire nee, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 66 lines; AAABAAABbbabbaaaabaaab, etc.; five- and seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
187. fol. 60c





188. fol. 60d
Balade
Inc: Par un gracieux samblant
Refr: Dame que vous mavez fait
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; seven-syllable lines
Eds: 1, 9

Balade
Inc: Jugiez amans et ouez ma dolour
Refr: Elle me het et est mon anemie
Auth: Attributed to both Guillaume de Machaut and Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics
MSS: J, DeB
Eds: 1, 3, 5, 14
Probably by neither Machaut nor Deschamps.
 
189. fol. 61a Balade
Inc: Se lancelot paris genievre he!aine
Refr: Doulce dame pour vostre amour avoir
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabics except fifth lines have seven syllables
MS: We
Ed: 9
This is an effective poem in which the lover says that he is burning up with thirst beside the fountain, which is too high for him. The incipit is like the Double balade of Grimace which follows in Penn. A balade in MS Ch, edited in 5, has a similar incipit.
 
190. fol. 6lb Balade
Inc: Se zephirus phebus et leur lignie
Refr: Se devant moy ma dame ne veoye
Auth: Grimace
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: Ch, PI
Eds: 1, 9
This and the following balade have the same metrical form, refrain, and music (Double balade).
 
191. fol. 61b Balade
Inc: Se jupiter qui par grant melodie
Refr: Se devant moy ma dame ne veoye
Auth: Grimace
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: Ch, PI
Eds: 1, 9
See note to Poem 190.
 
192. fol. 61c Virelay baladé
Inc: Se mesdisans en accort
Refr: Sont pour moy grever a tort, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 54 lines; AABBBAccbccbaabbba, etc.; five-, six-, and seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 18
Appears in manuscripts among virelays set to music.
 
193. fol. 62a Virelay baladé
Inc: Cest force faire le vueil
Refr: Tuit mi desir, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 54 lines; ABBABAbbcbbcabbaba, etc.; seven- and four-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among virelays set to music.
 
194. fol. 62b




195. fol. 62c




196. fol. 62c
Rondel
Inc: Dame doulcement attrait
Refr: Avez tout le cuer de mi
Metr: ABaAabAB; seven-syllable lines

Rondel
Inc: Douls amis de cuer parfait
Refr: Ligement a vous mottry
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; seven-syllable lines

Le Lay de plour
Inc: Malgre fortune et son tour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 272 lines in lay form; 24 sts. in pairs, each pair with differing metrics
MSS: A, G, M
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts with music.
 
197. fol. 64c




198. fol. 64d
Rondel
Inc: Doulz cuers gentilz plain de toute franchise
Refr: A vous amer me sui abandonnez
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics

Virelay baladé
Inc: Cent mil fois esbaye
Refr: Plus dolente et plus courroucie, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABccdccdaabbaab, etc
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Ed: 12
Appears in Voir Dit. Between Poem 198 and Poem 227 in Penn fourteen lyrics are from the Voir Dit, a late, long pseudo-autobiographical poem.
 
199. fol. 65a Rondel
Inc: Tant com je seray vivant
Refr: Vous seray loyal amie
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Ed: 12
Appears in Voir Dit.
 
200. fol. 65a Balade
Inc: Se par fortune la lasse et la desvee
Refr: Car cuer donnez ne se doit retolir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Eds: 7, 12, 16
Appears in Voir Dit.
 
201. fol. 65b Virelay baladé
Inc: Dame vostre doulz viaire
Refr: Debonnaire, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 60 lines; AABAABbbabbaaabaab, etc.; seven- and four- syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 1, 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
202. fol. 65c Rondel
Inc: Soyes liez et menez joye
Refr: Amis car amours men proye
Auth: Nicole de Margival
Metr: 16 lines AABBaaAAaabbAABB; octosyllabics
MSS: Pg, Str; Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 22432; St. Petersburg,
        Hermitage, 53
Eds: 5, 19
This appears as lines 2515–26 of Le Dit de la Panthère d’Amours, by Nicole de Margival, which has some significant correspondence in structure to Chaucer’s House of Fame. See above.
 
203. fol. 65d Balade
Inc: Ne soyes en nul esmay
Refr: Vostre jusques au mourir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; octosyllabics
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Eds: 12, 18
Appears in Voir Dit.
 
204. fol. 66a Virelay baladé
Inc: Onques si bonne journee
Refr: Ne fu adjournee, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 60 lines; AABAABbbabbaaabaab, etc.; five- and seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Ed: 12
Appears in Voir Dit.
 
205. fol. 66b




206. fol. 66c
Rondel
Inc: Esperance qui en mon cuer sembat
Refr: Sentir me fait damer la doulce vie
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics

Virelay baladé
Inc: Helas et comment aroye
Refr: Bien ne joye, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 60 lines; AABAABccbccbaabaab, etc.; three- and seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
207. fol. 66d Rondel
Inc: Autre de vous jamais ne quier amer
Refr: Tresdoulz amis a qui jay donne mamour
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Eds: 12, 18
Appears in Voir Dit.
 
208. fol. 66d Balade
Inc: Le plus grant bien qui me viengne damer
Refr: Quassez rouve qui se va complaignant
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdD; decasyllabic except fifth lines have seven syllables
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, M, PM, Vg
Appears in manuscripts in Louange and Voir Dit.
 
209. fol. 67a Rondel
Inc: Tresdouls amis quant je vous voy
Refr: Tout faites mon cuer resjoir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; octosyllabics
MSS: A, E, F, PM
Eds: 14, 18
Appears in Voir Dit.
 
210. fol. 67b Virelay baladé
Inc: Dieux beaute doulceur nature
Refr: Mirent bien tout leur faiture, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 74 lines; AAABAAABbbcbbcaaabaaab, etc.; seven- and five-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Ed: 3, 7, 16
Appears in manuscripts among virelays set to music.
 
211. fol. 67c Balade
Inc: Le bien de vous qui en beaute florist
Refr: Et voz regars maintient mon cuer en joye
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 8, 14, 22
Appears in Louange and Voir Dit.
 
212. fol. 67d Virelay baladé
Inc: Se damer me repentoye ne faignoye
Refr: Trop feroye contre mi, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 48 lines; AABAABbabaaabaab, etc.; three- and seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 18
Appears in manuscripts among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
213. fol. 68a Virelay baladé
Inc: En mon cuer a un descort
Refr: Qui si fort le point et mort, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc.; four- and seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
214. fol. 68c




215. fol. 68c
Rondel
Inc: Ma dame doulce et debonnaire
Refr: Flour de valour, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; eight- and four-syllable lines

Virelay baladé
Inc: Mors sui se je ne vous voy
Refr: Dame donnour, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; ABBBAABaabaababbbaab, etc
MSS: A, B, C, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16
Appears among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
216. fol. 68*a Rondel
Inc: Amis doulz amer sans retraire
Refr: Et sans foulour, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; eight- and four-syllable lines
 
Two folios in succession in Penn are numbered 68.
 
217. fol. 68*a Virelay baladé
Inc: Plus dure que un dyamant
Refr: Ne que pierre dyamant
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc
MSS: A, B, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 23
Appears among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
218. fol. 68*c




219. fol. 68*c
Rondel
Inc: Doulce pite que or tesveille
Refr: Ou cuer de la tendre flour, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; seven-syllable lines

Virelay baladé
Inc: Dame mon cuer emportez
Refr: Dont tant sui desconfortez, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc.; seven- and four-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, E, G, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 7. 16
Appears among Machaut’s virelays set to music.
 
220. fol. 69a Virelay baladé
Inc: Tres belle et bonne mi oeil
Refr: Joyeuse pasteure, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 60 lines; ABBAABbbabbaabbaab, etc.; seven- and five-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, M
Eds: 3, 7, 16, 22
Appears among Machaut’s virelays set to music and in Louange.
 
221. fol. 69c




222. fol. 69d
Virelay baladé
Inc: Doulce plaisant et debonnaire
Refr: Onques ne vy vo doulz viaire, etc.
Metr: 53 lines; AABBAccaccaaabba, etc.; octosyllabics

Virelay baladé
Inc: Cilz a bien fole pensee
Refr: Qui me cuide a ce mener, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 46 lines; ABABccdccdabab, etc.; seven-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, C, E, F, G, M, PM, Vg
Eds: 3, 12, 18
Appears in Voir Dit and among Machaut’s virelays set to music, but no music is extant.
 
223. fol. 70b [Balade]
Inc: Nes quon pourroit les estoilles nombrer
Refr: Le grant desir que jay de vous veoir
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, D, E, F, G, M, PM, Vg
Eds: 3, 7, 8, 12, 16, 22
Appears in Louange, Voir Dit, and among balades set to music.
 
224. fol. 70b




225. fol. 70c
Rondel
Inc: Toute belle bonne cointe et jolie
Refr: Bieneureux seroit ce mest advis
Metr: 11 lines; ABBaAabbABB; decasyllabics

Virelay baladé
Inc: Loeil qui est le droit archier
Refr: Plus doulce que nest doulcour, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc.; seven- and four-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, E, F, G, M, PM, Vg
Eds: 3, 12
Appears in Voir Dit and among Machaut’s virelays set to music, but no music is extant.
 
226. 70d Virelay baladé
Inc: Plus belle que le beau jour
Refr: Plus doulce que nest doulcour, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc.; seven- and four-syllable lines
MSS: A, B, E, F, G, M, PM, Vg
Eds: 3, 12
Appears in Voir Dit and among Machaut’s virelays set to music, but no music is extant.
 
227. fol. 71b Virelay baladé
Inc: Je ne me puis saouler
Refr: De penser dymaginer, etc.
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 67 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc
MSS: A, B, E, F, G, M, PM, Vg
Eds: 3, 12
Appears in Voir Dit and among Machaut’s virelays set to music, but no music is extant.
 
228. fol. 71c







229. fol. 71d
Balade
Inc: Je vous mercy des belles la plus belle
Refr: Ma belle dame et ma loyal amie
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: De la douleur que mon triste cuer sent
Refr: Celle qui est des plus belle la flour
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; envoy, abbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
Before this balade, the only balade in Penn which has an envoy is Poem 20. After Poems 229 and 230, there are no other balades with envoys until Poem 267. Envoys came to be added to balades commonly in the last quarter of the fourteenth century.
 
230. fol. 72a





231. fol. 72b





232. fol. 72c





233. fol. 72d





234. fol. 73a




235. fol. 74c
Balade
Inc: Vray dieu damours plaise toy secourir
Refr: Se ainsi est que jaye perdu la belle
Metr: 3 sts. ababbacaC; envoy, acacaC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Povre perdue dolente et esgaree
Refr: Comme la plus maleureuse du monde
Metr: 3 sts. ababcdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Gente belle corps fait par compasseure
Refr: Se ne mestes de remede prochaine
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Puis quainsi est que ne puis nullement
Refr: Que vostre amour sans cesser me fait traire
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Lay
Inc: Au commencier du mois de may
Metr: 218 lines in lay form of twenty-four stanzas in matched pairs of differing metrics.
         Some stanzas seem defective.

Chanson royal / Ch
Inc: Entre les biens que creature humainne
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdede; envoy, de; decasyllabics
Ed: 24 (see above)
This is the first of the “Ch” poems. The last is Poem 276.
 
236. fol. 75a Balade
Inc: Mort je me plain de qui de toy
Refr: Car tout prendray soit feble ou fort
Auth: Attributed to Eustache Deschamps
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; octosyllabics
MS: DeB
Ed: 14
This interesting balade is a dialogue between Death and the lover whose lady Death has taken. Most lines include a statement or question with response. It is probably by Deschamps.
 
237. fol. 75a





238. fol. 75b
Balade / Ch
Inc: Oncques doulour ne fu plus angoisseuse
Refr: Que fons et fris comme au feu fait la cire
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade
Inc: Samours plaisoit ses tresors defermer
Refr: Quant ma dame me donna nom damy
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24 (Part I Appendix above)
This balade has the same refrain as the “Ch” poem which follows. The versification differs.
 
239. fol. 75c





240. fol. 75d




241. fol. 76a
Balade / Ch
Inc: Je cuide et croy que tous les joieux jours
Refr: Quant ma dame me donna nom dami
Metr: ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Chançon Royal / Ch
Inc: Aux dames joie et aux amans plaisance
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdd; envoy d; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade / Ch
Inc: Fauls apyus pires que lichaon
Refr: Jone mamas et vieille mas guerpie
Metr. 3 sts. ababbccddedE; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24
The refrain and content of Poem 35 is quite like the refrain and content of this balade.
 
242. fol. 76b





243. fol. 76c
Balade / Ch
Inc: Nous qui sommes trois filles a phebus
Refr: Viel Saturnus et sa dure lignie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Complainte amoureuse
Inc: Ma doulce amour ma dame souverainne
Metr: 120 lines aaaabbbbbc, etc.; decasyllabics except fifth lines four syllables
This complaint has numerous similarities to Machaut's Complaint VI (Penn Poem 112), written by Machaut for Pierre of Cyprus. Coming as it does amidst the "Ch" poems, it is perhaps a work of "Ch."
 
244. fol. 77c





245. fol. 77d





246. fol. 77d
Balade / Ch
Inc: Plus a destroit et en plus forte tour
Refr: Ne me fait brief en pluie dor muer
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade / Ch
Inc: Humble hester courtoise gracieuse
Refr: Pourrist en terre et je remains sans dame
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade
Inc: Des yeulx du cuer plorant moult tendrement
Refr: Du lit de plours doulereux ou je gis
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This lover's complaint is answered by the lady who speaks in the following balade.
 
247. fol. 78a Balade
Inc: Se tu seuffres pour moy painne et martire
Refr: En ce doulx mois que chascuns se jolie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
See note to Poem 246.
 
248. fol. 78b





249. fol. 78c




250. fol. 78d
Balade
Inc: Maintes gens sont qui dune grant valee
Refr: Mais quant lui plaist jus labat en peu deure
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Chançon Royal / Ch
Inc: Pour le hauls biens amoureux anoncier
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdcd; envoy, cd; decasyllabics
Ed: 24

Balade
Inc: Cuidiez vous je vous en pry
Refr: Adieu adieu le varlet
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; seven-syllable lines
The lady scornfully sends the jangling "varlet" away.
 
251. fol. 79a Balade
Inc: Or ne scay je tant de service faire
Refr: Plus mescondit plus la vueil tenir chiere
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13
From Poems 252 to 264, there are at least eight poems of Granson mixed in with some "Ch" and anonymous works. The Granson poems appear elsewhere only in GrA.
 
252. fol. 79b







253. fol. 79c







254. fol. 79d







255. fol. 79d
Balade
Inc: A medee me puis bien comparer
Refr: Ainsi le fit cuer plain de faussete
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: Or nay je mais que dolour et tristesce
Refr: Se je men dueil nul ne men doit blasmer
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: Vous qui voulez loppinion contraire
Refr: Desloiaute en lamoureuse vie
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: He dieux amis qui vous meut a ce faire
Refr: Ce nest pas fait de loial amoureux
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
In its position among Granson poems and its use of versification favored by Granson, one may well suspect that this balade is his.
 
256. fol. 80a







257. fol. 80b
Balade
Inc: Se mon cuer font en larmes et en plours
Refr: Pour mercy garder de ma dame le fort
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: Dames de pris qui amez vostre honnour
Refr: Ilz ne tendent le plus qua decevoir
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
As with Poem 255, and for the same reasons, one might attribute this poem to Granson.
 
258. fol. 80c







259. fol. 80d
Balade
Inc: Qui veult entrer en lamoureux servage
Refr: Ainsi puet il don damours desservir
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbcB; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: Cest bonne foy de deux cuers amoureux
Refr: Dangier ny puet ne aussi jalousie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
As with Poems 255 and 257, there are good reasons for ascribing this balade to Granson.
 
260. fol. 80d Rondel / Ch
Inc: Qui veult faire sacrefice a venus
Refr: Ou temple dont elle est droite deesse
Metr: 8 lines; ABaAabAB; decasyllabics
Ed: 24
This is the only rondeau of "Ch" and the only rondeau in Penn between Poems 224 and 277.
 
261. fol. 81a







262. fol. 81a





263. fol. 81b
Balade
Inc: Ne doy je bien malebouche hair
Refr: Sa ma cause perdoit sa bonne fame
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: Qui en amours quiert avoir son desir
Refr: Qui ce ne scet amours le fait savoir
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Chançon Royal / Ch
Inc: Venez veoir qua fait pymalion
Metr: 5 sts. ababccddede; envoy, dede; decasyllabics
Ed: 24
As I have noted, this poem is inferior to the other "Ch" works.
 
264. fol. 81d







265. fol. 81d





266. fol. 82a




267. fol. 83a
Balade
Inc: Amis pensez de loyaument amer
Refr: Vous nen povez tousdiz que miex valour
Auth: Oton de Granson
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
MS: GrA
Ed: 13

Balade
Inc: A ce printemps que je sens revenir
Refr: Pour les faire trestous crever denvie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Complainte amoureuse
Inc: Doulx ami que jaim loyalment
Metr: 124 lines; aaabaaabbbbcbbbccccd, etc.; octosyllabic except fourth lines have
        four syllables

Balade
Inc: A dieu a dieu jeunesse noble flour
Refr: Car on ne puet passer par autre voie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; envoy, bcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This is only the fourth balade in Penn with an envoy. The next is Poem 279.
 
268. fol. 83b





269. fol. 83b








270. fol. 83c
Balade
Inc: Voir ne vous puis helas ce poise moy
Refr: On y verroit lemprainte de mes yeulx
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Pluseur se sont repenti
Refr: Et qui ne se veult brusler
        Si se traie en sux
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7b5a7b5b7c7d5c7D5
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, J, K, M, Vg
Eds: 3, 22

Balade
Inc: Langue poignant aspre amere et ague
Refr: Je le feray mourir de dueil ou taire
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, G, J, M, Vg, We
Eds: 3, 22
In the Book of the Duchess, lines 639–41, and The Merchant's Tale, CT IV(E)2058–62, Chaucer ascribes to Fortune the description which this balade uses to attack slanderers.
 
271. fol. 83d Balade
Inc: Amis si parfaitement
Refr: E sil est autre qui bee
        A mamour il y fauldra
Auth: Guillaume de Machaut
Metr: 3 sts. a7b5a7b5c7d7c7d7
MSS: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, M, PM, Vg
Eds: 3, 12, 18, 22
Appears in both Louange and Voir Dit.
 
272. fol. 84a Virelay
Inc: Le doulx songe que lautre nuit songoie
Refr: Cestoit veir ma doulce dame chiere, etc.
Metr: 53 lines; ABBAAcddcddabbaa, etc.; decasyllabics
The lines are unusually long for the virelay form.
 
273. fol. 84b





274. fol. 84c





275. fol. 84d





276. fol. 85a





277. fol. 85b
Balade / Ch
Inc: Mort le vy dire et si ny avoit ame
Refr: A son ame soit dieu misericors
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade / Ch
Inc: Oez le plains du martir amoureux
Refr: Il vit sans joye et languist en mourant
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade / Ch
Inc: De ce que jay de ma douleur confort
Refr: Grace a ma dame et loenge a amours
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Balade / Ch
Inc: Qui partiroit mon cuer en .ij. parmi
Refr: Sourse donnour et riviere de joie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Eds: 9, 24

Rondel
Inc: Mon tresdoulx cuer et ma seule pensee
Refr: A mon povoir tousjours vous serviray
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAabABabbaABBA; decasyllabics
From Poem 277 to the end of Penn (Poem 310), there are no poems of known authorship, nor any clues (like "Ch" may be). From Poem 272 to the end, the texts in Penn are unique, i.e., are found in no other extant manuscripts.
 
278. fol. 85b




279. fol. 85c
Virelay
Inc: Vous ne savez le martire
Refr: Que mon povre cuer si tire, etc.
Metr: 37 lines; AABBAccbccbaabba, etc.; seven-syllable lines

Balade
Inc: Pourquoy virent onques mes yeulx
Refr: Puis quil lui plaist il me souffist
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; envoy, bccdcD; decasyllabics
Seven of the seventeen balades from Poem 279 to the end have envoys. Only four before Poem 279 have them.
 
282. fol. 86b




283. fol. 86c
Rondel
Inc: Mes yeulx mon cuer et ma pensee
Refr: Par leur pourchas mont mis a mort, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAabABabbaABBA; octosyllabics

Chançon Royal
Inc: Mere je sui assez povre de sens
Metr: 7 sts. ababbccddee; envoy, ddee; decasyllabics
This extended chant royal is a dialogue between a mother and daughter about love; each speaks a stanza at a time.
 
284. fol. 87a




285. fol. 87b
Rondel
Inc: Se vo doulx cuer ne mue sa pensee
Refr: Et que par lui grace me soie donnee, etc.
Metr: 21 lines; AABBAaabAABaabbaAABBA; decasyllabics

Virelay
Inc: Bien doy chanter liement
Refr: Et plus amoureusement, etc.
Metr: 27 lines; AABBAABbbabbaaabbaab, etc.
The form is either defective or represents a late experiment.
 
286. fol. 87c





287. fol. 87c




288. fol. 87d
Balade
Inc: Tout droit au temps que doivent les doulcours
Refr: Lomme qui pert a poinne se puet taire
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Par ma foy je nen puis mais
Refr: Se suis en dolente painne, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAabABabbaABBA; seven-syllable lines

Balade
Inc: Puis que je voy que ma belle maistresse
Refr: Que par nulle autre joye me fust donnee
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccddeefeF; envoy, ababbccfcF; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
The stanza is unusually long.
 
289. fol. 88a




290. fol. 88b





291. fol. 88c




292. fol. 88d





293. fol. 88d




294. fol. 89a





295. fol. 89b




296. fol. 89b





297. fol. 89c




298. fol. 89d





299. fol. 90a




300. fol. 90a





301. fol. 90b





302. fol. 90c





303. fol. 90d





304. fol. 91a




305. fol. 91b
Rondel
Inc: Quant je ne puis vers vous mercy trouver
Refr: De la doulour qui par vous mest donnee, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Mon seul vouloir mon seul bien ma maistresse
Refr: Que dautre amer aye jamais vouloir
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdeD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Certes belle se je devoye
Refr: Tousjours languir sans grace avoir, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; octosyllabics

Balade
Inc: Jamais nul jour ne pourroye desservir
Refr: Tout vostre sui quelque part que je soye
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcaC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Vo grant beaute qui mon cuer tient joyeux
Refr: Ma vraie amour et quanque je desire, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Puis quamours mont donne tel hardement
Refr: Qui sur toutes en avez le povoir
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Je ris des yeulx et mon povre cuer pleure
Refr: Et si ny puis avoir aucun secours, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Se je navoye plus de biens
Refr: Il pourroit bien avenir mais
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; envoy, bcbC; octosyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Tant my fait mal le partir de ma dame
Refr: Que je nay jeu bien nesbatement, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAabABabbaABBA; decasyllabics

[Balade]
Inc: A vous le dy courroux dueil et tristresce
Refr: Helas amours je ne le cuidoye mie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; envoy, bbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Plus quautre belle se je sui loing de vous
Refr: Et que veir ne vous puisse a mon gre, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAabABabbaABBA; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Ce seroit fort que je peusse avoyr joye
Refr: Car pour plus belle jamais homs ne mourra
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Oyez mes plains tous loyaulx amoureux
Refr: Mamour est morte et ma joye si fine
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcbC (first st. defective); decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Belle qui de toutes bontez
Refr: Mais quil vous plaise a moy amer
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Des que premiers vo beaute regarday
Refr: Faites de moy tout ce quil vous plaira
Metr: 3 sts. ababccdcD; envoy, cdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Rondel
Inc: Tant quil vous plaira
Refr: Ma belle maistresse, etc.
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; five-syllable lines

Balade [for Pastourelle]
Inc: A leure que bergiers leur pain
Refr: A faire de roses chappeaulx
Metr: 5 sts. ababbccdcD; envoy, cdcD; octosyllabics
This is the only pastourelle after the twelve which come at the beginning of Penn.
 
306. fol. 91c




307. fol. 91d





308. fol. 92a





309. fol. 92b





310. fol. 92c
Rondel
Inc: Ma belle amour ma joyeuse esperance
Refr: Tout quanque jaim et que je vueil servir
Metr: 16 lines; ABBAbaABabbaABBA; decasyllabics

Balade
Inc: Entre mon cuer et mes yeulx grant descort
Refr: Faire mon cuer a mes yeulx accorder
Metr: 3 sts. ababbccdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Tu as tant fait par ta tresbonne attente
Refr: Quant a cela certes je my oppose
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: En mon dormant mavint la nuit passee
Refr: Se je savoye quainsi deusse songier
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcdcD; envoy, dcdcD; decasyllabics
Ed: 9

Balade
Inc: Aucunes gens dient quen bien amer
Refr: Que vrays amans ne puet sans jalousie
Metr: 3 sts. ababbcC; decasyllabics
Ed: 9
This poem turns about a major commonplace of Amour (Love), which holds that true lovers cannot avoid jealousy, and it provides a reasonably apt conclusion for the collection. Eight folios were left blank after it, however, which suggests that more poems could have been envisaged.
 

Go to Bibliography