The York Corpus Christi Plays: Bibliography

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The York Corpus Christi Plays: Bibliography

The references presented here include works cited in this edition. For an extensive biblio­graphy of medieval drama, theater, and iconography up to 2003, see the following website: http://www.wmich.edu/medieval/resources/edam/index.html.

MANUSCRIPTS AND INCUNABULA

Bolton Hours. York, York Minster Library, MS. Add. 2.

Carthusian Miscellany. London, British Library, MS. Add. 37049.

Hore beatissime Virginis Mariae. Rouen: Guillaume Bernard and Jacques Cousin, 1517.

Hymni canori cum jubilo secundum. [York Hymnal.] ?1517.

Missale secundum usum ecclesie Eboracensis. Paris: F. Regnault, 1533.

N-Town Plays. London, British Library, MS. Cotton Vespasian D.8.

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Lat. liturg.f.2. (Book of Hours)

Psalter. London, British Library, MS. Add. 54179.

Psalter. Cambridge, Trinity College, MS. O.3.10.

Skryveners [Pageant]. York, York City Archives, MS. Sykes.

Torre, James. The Antiquities of York Minster. York, York Minster Library, MS. L1 (7).

———. Antiquities Ecclesiastical of the City of York. York, York Minster Library, MS. L1 (8).

York Hours. York, York Minster Library, MS. XVI.K.6.

York Plays. London, British Library, MS. Add. 35290.


PRIMARY SOURCES (PRINTED)

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Apocalyptic Christianity. Trans. Bernard McGinn. New York: Paulist Press, 1979.

St. Augustine. The City of God. Trans. Marcus Dods et al. New York: Random House, 1950.

Bevington, David, ed. Medieval Drama. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975.

Biblia Pauperum: A Facsimile and Edition. Ed. Avril Henry. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987.

Biblia Sacra iuxta vulgatam versionem. Ed. Robert Weber. Third ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1969.

Birgitta of Sweden. Life and Selected Revelations. Ed. Marguerite Tjader Harris. Trans. Albert Ryle Kezel. New York: Paulist Press, 1990.

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Brown, Carleton, ed. Religious Lyrics of the XVth Century. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1939.

Caedmon Manuscript of Anglo-Saxon Biblical Poetry: Junius XI in the Bodleian Library. Intro. Israel Gollancz. London: Oxford University Press, 1927.

Cawley, A. C. “The Sykes MS of the York Scriveners’ Play.” Leeds Studies in English 7–8 (1952), 45–80.

The Chester Mystery Cycle. Ed. R. M. Lumiansky and David Mills. 2 vols. EETS s.s. 3 and 9. London: Oxford University Press, 1974–86.

Churchwardens’ Accounts of St. Michael, Spurriergate, York, 1518–1548. Ed. C. C. Webb. 2 vols. York: Borthwick Institute, 1997.

The Coventry Corpus Christi Plays. Ed. Pamela M. King and Clifford Davidson. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2000.

The Creacion of the World: A Critical Edition and Translation. Ed. and trans. Paula Neuss. New York: Garland, 1983.

Cursor Mundi. Ed. Richard Morris. 7 vols. EETS o.s. 57, 59, 62, 66, 68, 99, and 101. 1874–75. Reprint, London: Oxford University Press, 1961–66.

Dante Alighieri. The Divine Comedy. Trans. Allen Mandelbaum. 3 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980–84.

Davis, Norman, ed. Non-Cycle Plays and Fragments. EETS s.s. 1. London: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Dives and Pauper. Ed. Priscilla Heath Barnum. EETS o.s. 275. London: Oxford University Press, 1976.

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Gospel of Nicodemus. See The Middle-English Harrowing of Hell and Gospel of Nicodemus.

Greene, Richard Leighton, ed. Early English Carols. Second ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.

Happé, Peter, ed. English Mystery Plays: A Selection. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1975.

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The Lay Folks’ Catechism. Ed. Thomas Frederick Simmons and Henry Edward Noloth. EETS o.s. 118. London: N. Trübner, 1879.

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Liber Usualis. Tournai: Desclee, 1959.

Love, Nicholas. Mirror of the Blessed Life of Jesus Christ. Ed. Michael G. Sargent. New York: Garland, 1992.

Meditations on the Life of Christ. Trans. Isa Ragusa and Rosalie B. Green. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961.

Meredith, Peter, and John E. Tailby, eds. The Staging of Religious Drama in the Later Middle Ages: Texts and Documents in English Translation. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1982.

The Middle-English Harrowing of Hell and Gospel of Nicodemus. Ed. William Henry Hulme. EETS e.s. 100. London: Oxford University Press, 1907.

A Middle-English Metrical Paraphrase of the Old Testament. Ed. Herbert Kalén and Urban Ohlander. 3 vols. Göteborg: Elanders, 1923–61.

Mirk, John. Festial. Ed. Theodor Erbe. EETS e.s. 96. 1905. Reprint, Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint, 1987.

The Mirour of Mans Saluacioune: A Middle English Translation of Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Ed. Avril Henry. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1987.

Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesiæ eboracensis. Ed. W. G. Henderson. 2 vols. Surtees Society 59–60. Durham: Andrews, 1874.

The Northern Passion. Ed. Frances A. Foster. 2 vols. EETS o.s. 145 and 147. 1913–16. Reprint, New York: Kraus Reprint, 1971.

The N-Town Play: Cotton MS Vespasian D.8. Ed. Stephen Spector. 2 vols. EETS s.s. 11–12. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

The N-Town Plays. Ed. Douglas Sugano. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2007.

Ordo paginarum. See Records of Early English Drama: York.

The Pepysian Gospel Harmony. Ed. Margery Goates. EETS o.s. 157. 1922. Reprint, Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint, 1971.

Plato. The Collected Dialogues, Including the Letters. Ed. Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns. 1963. Reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973.

The Pricke of Conscience. Ed. Richard Morris. Berlin: A. Asher, 1863.

Promptorium Parvulorum sive Clericorum, Dictionarius Anglo-Latinus Princeps. Ed. Albertus Way. 3 vols. London: Camden Society, 1843–65. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1968.

Records of Early English Drama: Chester. Ed. Lawrence M. Clopper. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979.

Records of Early English Drama: Coventry. Ed. R. W. Ingram. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.

Records of Early English Drama: Norwich, 1540–1642. Ed. David Galloway. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Records of Early English Drama: York. Ed. Alexandra F. Johnston and Margaret Rogerson. 2 vols. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979.

Sheingorn, Pamela. The Easter Sepulchre in England. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1987.

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A Stanzaic Life of Christ. Ed. Frances A. Foster. EETS o.s. 166. London: Oxford University Press, 1926.

Stevens, John, ed. Mediaeval Carols. Second ed. London: Stainer and Bell, 1957.

The Towneley Plays. Ed. Martin Stevens and A. C. Cawley. 2 vols. EETS s.s.13 and 14. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

A Tretise of Miraclis Pleyinge. Ed. Clifford Davidson. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1993.

York Civic Records. Ed. Angelo Raine and Deborah Sutten. 9 vols. York: Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1939–78.

York Cycle of Mystery Plays, a Complete Version. Trans. J. S. Purvis. London: SPCK, 1957.

York Memorandum Book A/Y. Ed. Maud Sellers. 2 vols. Surtees Society 120 and 125. Durham: Andrews, 1912–15.

York Memorandum Book B/Y. Ed. Joyce W. Percy. Surtees Society 186. Gateshead: Northumberland Press, 1973.

York Mystery Plays: A Selection in Modern Spelling. Ed. Richard Beadle and Pamela M. King. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.

The York Play: A Facsimile of British Library MS Additional 35290. Intro. Richard Beadle and Peter Meredith. Leeds: University of Leeds School of English, 1983.

York Plays. Ed. Lucy Toulmin Smith. 1885. Reprint, New York: Russell and Russell, 1963.

The York Plays. Ed. Richard Beadle. London: Edward Arnold, 1982.

Young, Karl. The Drama of the Medieval Church. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1933.


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———. “York Guilds and the Corpus Christi Plays: Unwilling Participants?” Early Theatre 9 (2006), 11–33.

———. Festivals and Plays in Late Medieval Britain. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

———. “The York Corpus Christi Plays and Visual Piety.” Research Opportunities in Medieval and Renaissance Drama 46 (2007), 25–50.

———. Corpus Christi Plays at York: A Context for Religious Drama. New York: AMS Press, forthcoming.

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———. The Middle English Mystery Play: A Study in Dramatic Speech and Form. Trans. Frances Wessels. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

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———. “Performance in Procession: A Medieval Stage for the York Corpus Christi Play.” Leeds Studies in English, n.s. 6 (1972), 77–111.

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———. “The Word Made Flesh: Augustinian Elements in the York Cycle.” In The Centre and Its Compass: Studies in Medieval Literature in Honor of Professor John Leyerle. Ed. Robert A. Taylor et al. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1993. Pp. 225–46.

———. “Traders and Playmakers: English Guildsmen and the Low Countries.” In England and the Low Countries in the Late Middle Ages. Ed. Caroline M. Barron and Nigel Saul. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 1995. Pp. 99–114.

———. “The City as Patron: York.” In Shakespeare and Theatrical Patronage in Early Modern England. Ed. Paul Whitfield White and Suzanne R. Westfall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 150–75.

———. “The York Cycle and the Libraries of York.” In The Church and Learning in Later Medieval Society: Essays in Honour of R. B. Dobson. Ed. Caroline M. Barron and Jenny Stratford. Donnington: Shaun Tyas, 2002. Pp. 355–70.
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———.“Contemporary Cultural Models for the Trial Plays in the York Cycle.” In Drama and Community: People and Plays in Medieval Europe. Ed. Alan Hindley. Turnhout: Brepols, 1999. Pp. 200–16.

———. “The York Plays and the Feast of Corpus Christi: A Reconsideration.” Medieval English Theatre 22 (2000), 13–32.

———. The York Mystery Cycle and the Worship of the City. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2006.

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Knowles, John A. “The East Window of Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, York.” Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 28 (1924–26), 1–24.

Köbling, E. “Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik der York Plays.” Englische Studien 20 (1895), 179–220.

Leach, Arthur F. "Some English Plays and Players, 1220–1548." In An English Miscellany, Presented to Dr. Furnivall in Honour of His Seventy-fifth Birthday. Ed. W. P. Ker, A. S. Napier, and W. W. Skeat. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1901. Pp. 205–34.

Lloyd, Megan S. “Reflections of a York Survivor: The York Cycle and Its Audience.” Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama 39 (2000), 223–35.

Lovejoy, Arthur O. The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea. 1936. Reprint, New York: Harper and Row, 1965.

Lyle, Marie C. The Original Identity of the York and Towneley Cycles. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1919.

Macaulay, Peter Stuart. “The Play of the Harrowing of Hell as a Climax in the English Mystery Cycles.” Studia Germanica Gandensia 8 (1966), 115–34.

MacCulloch, J. A. The Harrowing of Hell: A Comparative Study of an Early Christian Doctrine. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark, 1930.

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Malvern, Marjorie M. Venus in Sackcloth: The Magdalen’s Origins and Metamorphoses. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1975.

Marrow, James H. “Circumdederunt me canes multi: Christ’s Tormentors in Northern European Art of the Late Middle Ages and Early Renaissance.” Art Bulletin 59 (1977), 167–81.

———. Passion Icongraphy in Northern European Art of the Late Middle Ages and Early Renaissance: A Study of the Transformation of Sacred Metaphor into Descriptive Narrative. Kortrijk: Van Ghemmert, 1979.

Marshall, John. “‘The Crowning with Thorns and the Mocking of Christ’: A Fifteenth-Century Performance Analogue.” Theatre Notebook 45 (1991), 114–21.

Marx, C. W. The Devil’s Rights and the Redemption in the Literature of Medieval England. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1995.

Massip, Francesc. “The Cloud: A Medieval Aerial Device, Its Origins, and Its Use in Spain Today.” In The Dramatic Tradition of the Middle Ages. Ed. Clifford Davidson. New York: AMS Press, 2005. Pp. 262–74.

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McLachlan, Elizabeth Parker. “Liturgical Vessels and Implements.” In The Liturgy of the Medieval Church. Ed. Thomas J. Heffernan and E. Ann Matter. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2001. Pp. 369–429.

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———. Outcasts: Signs of Otherness in Northern European Art of the Late Middle Ages. 2 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

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———. “John Clerke’s Hand in the York Register.” Leeds Studies in English, n.s. 12 (1981), 245–71.

———.“The Iconography of Hell in the English Cycles: A Practical Perspective.” In The Iconography of Hell. Ed. Clifford Davidson and Thomas H. Seiler. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1992. Pp. 158–86.

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———. “The York Plays of the Dying, Assumption, and Coronation of Our Lady.” PMLA 65 (1950), 866–76.

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Nelson, Alan H. “The Temptation of Christ; or, The Temptation of Satan.” In Medieval English Drama: Essays Critical and Contextual. Ed. Jerome Taylor and Alan H. Nelson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972. Pp. 218–29.

Nichols, Ann Eljenholm. “The Hierosphithitic Topos, or the Fate of Fergus: Notes on the N-Town Assumption.” Comparative Drama 25 (1991), 29–41.

———. “The Bread of Heaven: Foretaste or Foresight?” In The Iconography of Heaven. Ed. Clifford Davidson. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1994. Pp. 40–68.

———. Seeable Signs: The Iconography of the Seven Sacraments, 1350–1544. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1994.

Nicholson, R. H. “The Trial of Christ the Sorcerer in the York Cycle.” Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 16 (1986), 125–69.

Oakshott, Jane. “Experiment with a Long-Range Cue: York Mystery Plays, 1994.” Leeds Studies in English, n.s. 29 (1998), 249–55.

———. “York Guilds’ Mystery Plays 1998: The Rebuilding of Dramatic Community.” In Drama and Community: People and Plays in Medieval Europe. Ed. Alan Hindley. Turnhout: Brepols, 1999. Pp. 270–89.

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Oosterwijk, Sophie. “‘Long lullynge haue I lorn!’: The Massacre of the Innocents in Word and Image.” Medieval English Theatre 25 (2003), 3–53.

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Owst, G. R. Literature and Pulpit in Medieval England. Second ed. 1961. Reprint Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1966.

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Palliser, D. M. Tudor York. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.

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———. The Early Art of the West Riding of Yorkshire. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1990.

———. “The Inhabitants of Hell: Devils.” In The Iconography of Hell. Ed. Clifford Davidson and Thomas H. Seiler. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1992. Pp. 20–40.

———. “Corpus Christi ‘Cycles’ in Yorkshire: The Surviving Records.” Comparative Drama 27 (1993), 218–31.

———. “Gestures of Greeting: Annunciations, Sacred and Secular.” In Gesture in Medieval Art and Drama. Ed. Clifford Davidson. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2001. Pp. 128–77.

Palmer, Barbara D., et al. “The York Cycle in Performance: Toronto and York.” Early Theatre 1 (1998), 139–63.

Parshall, Peter. “The Art of Memory and the Passion.” Art Bulletin 81 (1999), 456–72.

Phythian-Adams, Charles. “Ceremony and the Citizen: The Communal Year at Coventry, 1450–1550.” In Crisis and Order in English Towns, 1500–1700. Ed. Peter Clark and Paul Slack. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972. Pp. 57–85.

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———. The Heaven Singing. Cambridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1996.

———. Minstrels Playing. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2001.

———. “The Mystery Plays 25 Years On.” <http://www.leeds.ac.uk/reporter/252/mysteryp.htm> (accessed 7–2–08).

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Robbins, Rossell Hope. "Levation Prayers in Middle English Verse." Modern Philology 40 (1942), 131–46.

Robinson, J. W. “The Art of the York Realist.” Modern Philology 60 (1963), 241–51.

———. “The Late Medieval Cult of Jesus and the Mystery Plays.” PMLA 80 (1965), 508–14.

———. Studies in Fifteenth-Century Stagecraft. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1991.

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Sheingorn, Pamela. “The Moment of the Resurrection in the Corpus Christi Plays.” Medievalia et Humanistica, n.s. 11 (1982), 111–29.

———. “The Te Deum Altarpiece and the Iconography of Praise.” In Early Tudor England: Proceedings of the 1987 Harlaxton Symposium. Ed. Daniel Williams. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1989. Pp. 171–82.

———. “‘Who can open the doors of his face?’ The Iconography of Hell Mouth.” In The Iconography of Hell. Ed. Clifford Davidson and Thomas H. Seiler. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1992. Pp. 1–19.

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Snyder, Susan.”The Left Hand of God: Despair in Medieval and Renaissance Tradition.” Studies in the Renaissance 12 (1965), 18–59.

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Stanton, Anne Rudloff. The Queen Mary Psalter: A Study of Affect and Audience. Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society, 2001.

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———. “The Music of Play XLV: The Assumption of the Virgin.” In The York Plays. Ed. Richard Beadle. London: Edward Arnold, 1982. Pp. 465–74.

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———. Medieval Artisans: An Urban Class in Late Medieval England. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989.

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———, ed. Teaching with the Records of Early English Drama. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006.

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Tristram, E. W. English Wall Painting in the Fourteenth Century. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1955.

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———. “Playing ‘The Resurrection.'” In Medieval Studies for J. A. W. Bennett. Ed. P. L. Heyworth. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981. Pp. 273–96.

———.“Apparell Comely.” In Aspects of Early English Drama. Ed. Paula Neuss. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1983. Pp. 30–49.

———. “‘With what body shall they come?’: Black and White Souls in the English Mystery Plays.” In Langland, the Mystics, and the Medieval Religious Tradition: Essays in Honour of S. S. Hussey. Ed. Helen Philips. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1990. Pp. 271–86.

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———. “The Theme of Christ the Lover-Knight in Medieval English Literature.” Review of English Studies, n.s. 13 (1962), 1–16.

———. The English Religious Lyric in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968.

———. The English Mystery Plays. Berkeley: University of California, 1972.

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DIALECT STUDIES


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Chambers, E. K. See entry in previous section.

Cowling, George H. The Dialect of Hackness, North-east Yorkshire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1915.

Ellis, Alexander J. Early English Pronunciation. 5 vols. EETS e.s. 2, 7, 14, 23, and 56. London: Trübner, 1869–89.

Fisher, John H. The Emergence of Standard English. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.

Gayley, Charles Mills. Plays of Our Forefathers and Some of the Traditions upon Which They Were Founded. New York: Duffield, 1907.

Greg, W. W. “Bibliographical and Textual Problems of the English Miracle Cycles. III — Christ and the Doctors: Inter-Relation of the Cycles.” Library, third ser. 5 (1914), 280–319.

Hohlfeld, Alex. “Die Altenglischen Kollektivmisterien: Unter besonderer Berücksictigung des Verhältnisses der York- und Towneley-spiele.” Anglia 11 (1889): 219-310.

Jack, Ronald D. S. “The Language of Literary Materials: Origins to 1700.” In The Edinburgh History of the Scots Language. Ed. Charles Jones. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997. Pp. 213–63.

Johnston, Paul A., Jr. “Lass’s Law and West Germanic Vowel Shifts.” Folia Linguistica Historica 10.2 (1989), 199–261.

———. “English Vowel Shifting: A Great Vowel Shift or Two ‘Small Vowel Shifts’?” Diachronica 9 (1992), 189–226.

———. “The Dialect of A Tretise of Miraclis Pleyinge.” In A Tretise of Miraclis Pleyinge. Ed. Clifford Davidson. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1993. Pp. 53–84.

———. “Older Scots Phonology and Its Regional Variation.” In The Edinburgh History of the Scots Language. Ed. Charles Jones. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997. Pp. 47–111.

———. “The Dialect of The Worlde and the Chylde.” In The Worlde and the Chylde. Ed. Clifford Davidson and Peter Happé. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1999. Pp. 118–21.

Jordan, Richard. Handbook of Middle English Grammar: Phonology. Fourth ed. Trans. Eugene J. Crook. The Hague: Mouton, 1974.

Kniesza, Veronika. “The Problem of the Merger of Middle English /a:/ and /ai/ in Northern English.” In Current Topics in English Historical Linguistics. Ed. Michael Davenport, Erik Hansen, and Hans Frede Nielsen. Odense: Odense University Press, 1983. Pp. 95–102.

———. “<ai> and <a> in Medieval Northern English Manuscripts.” Folia Linguistica Historica 3.1 (2003), 45–53.

Kristensson, Gillis. A Survey of Middle English Dialects 1290–1350: The Six Northern Counties and Lincolnshire. Lund: C. W. K. Gleerup, 1967.

Lass, Roger. “Vowel Shifts: Great and Otherwise; Remarks on Stockwell and Minkova.” In Luick Revisted: Papers Read at the Luick-Symposium at Schloss Liechtenstein, 15.–18.9.1985. Ed. Dieter Kastovsky and Gero Bauer. Tübingen: Gunter Narr, 1988. Pp. 395–410.

Luick, Karl W. Studien zur Englischen Lautgeschichte. 2 vols. 1898. Reprint, New York: Johnson, 1964.

McIntosh, Angus, M. L. Samuels, and Michael Benskin, eds. A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. 4 vols. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1986. [LALME]

Moorman, Frederick W. Yorkshire Dialect Poems, 1673–1915. 1915. Electronic reprint, David Fawthrop and David Widger, 2009: <www.gutenberg.org>, ebook #2888.

Orton, Harold. The Phonology of a South Durham Dialect: Descriptive, Historical, and Comparative. London: Kegan Paul, Trench and Trübner, 1933.

Orton, Harold, and Wilfred A. H. Halliday, eds. The Survey of English Dialects. Vol l: Basic Material: The Six Northern Counties and the Isle of Man. 3 parts. Leeds: E. J. Arnold and Son, 1962.

Reese, Jesse Byers. “Alliterative Verse in the York Cycle.” Studies in Philology 48 (1951), 639–68.

Samuels, M. L. “Some Applications of Middle English Dialectology.” In Middle English Dialectology: Essays on Some Principles and Problems. Ed. Angus McIntosh, M. L. Samuels, and Margaret Laing. Averdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1978. Pp. 67–80.

Stockwell, Robert, and Donka Minkova. “The English Vowel Shift: Problems of Coherence and Explanation.” In Luick Revisted: Papers Read at the Luick-Symposium at Schloss Liechtenstein, 15.–18.9.1985. Tübingen: Gunter Narr, 1998. Pp. 355–93.

Trudgill, Peter. The Social Differentiation of English in Norwich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974.

Wales, Katie. Northern English: A Social and Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Wright, Joseph. A Grammar of the Dialect of Windhill, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. 1892. Reprint, London: Caffin, 2008.

———. English Dialect Grammar. London: Henry Frowde, 1905.