Lancelot

Lancelot

Lancelot

CharactersName Variants: Launcelot, Lanzelet, LancilottoBackground Essay Author: Alan Lupack
In Chrétien’s Erec (ca. 1165), Lancelot is said to be the third best knight after Gawain and Erec, but in Chrétien’s Lancelot (1179-1180), Lancelot becomes the central figure and the lover of Guinevere who is willing to take any risk or to suffer any indignity in service of the queen. According to both Chrétien and Ulrich von Zatzikhoven, that Lancelot was raised by a fairy. Ulrich tells how this woman who lives in an enchanted realm in the sea raises Lancelot until he is fifteen, at which point he asks to be allowed to go into the world to earn honor. In Ulrich’s Lanzelet, Lanzelet never becomes the queen’s lover; although he is a lover of several ladies, his true love is Yblis, whom he ultimately marries and with whom he has a daughter and three sons.

In the fourteenth-century Tavola Ritonda, Lancilotto is taken and raised by the Lady of the Lake when his mother Gostanza dies in childbirth. The Lady of the Lake names him Lancilotto, which is said to mean “very wise and skilled knight of the lance and sword.” In the thirteenth-century Vulgate Lancelot, Lancelot is raised by the Lady of the Lake when his father dies due to the treachery of Claudas. It is from this upbringing that he is called “du Lac” or “of the Lake”. His baptismal name is Galahad in memory of Galahad, the younger son of Joseph of Arimathea and the first Christian king of Wales, whose tomb Lancelot opens. (This event was foreseen in a vision by monks from Wales, who are present at the time of the opening of the tomb and who take the body to Wales.) Lancelot is called Lancelot, however, after his grandfather....

Read More
Adams, Oscar Fay (1855 - 1919)
The Water Carriers - 1886 (Author)
Akhurst, W. M.
Akhurst, W. M. (1822 - 1878)
Anonymous
Cian of the Chariots - 1898 (Author)
Baring, Maurice (1874 - 1945)
The Camelot Jousts - 1910 (Author)
Cian of the Chariots - 1898 (Artist)
Sir Lancelot Du Lake - 1765 (Editor)
Bridges, Sallie (1830 - 1910)
Camelot - Written 1917; published 1919 (Author)
Sir Tristem - March 22, 1862 (Author)
Buchanan, Robert (1785 - 1873)
Gawayne's Revenge - 1859 (Author)
Joyous Garde - 1859 (Author)
The Rendering - 1859 (Author)
The Rescue - 1859 (Author)
The Tryste - 1859 (Author)
Guinevere to Lancelot - March 1869 (Author)
Collins, W. Lucas (1815 - 1887)
Davidson, Gustav (1895 - 1971)
Musing on Camelot and Avalon - December 1922 (Author)
Davidson, John (1857 - 1909)
The Last Ballad - 1899 (Author)
The Birth of Sir Galahad - 1926 (Author)
Sir Lancelot Du Lake - 1765 (Author)
Fawcett, Edgar (1847 - 1904)
Gosse, Sir Edmund William (September 21, 1849 - May 16, 1928)
Guenevere - 1873 (Author)
Hawker, Robert Stephen (c. 1803 - 1875)
Hovey, Richard (1864 - 1900)
Launcelot and Gawaine - November 1897 (Author)
The Marriage of Guenevere: A Tragedy - 1891 (Author)
Kipling, Rudyard (1865 - 1936)
The Hill of Illusion - 1888 (Author)
Lewis, Sinclair (1885 - 1951)
Launcelot - March 1904 (Author)
Lupack, Alan (1946 - )
Masters, Edgar Lee (1869 - 1950)
Elaine - 1921 (Author)
Mitchell, S. Weir (1829 - 1914)
Morris, William
Morris, William (1834 - 1896)
The Defence of Guenevere - 1858 (Author)
A Good Knight in Prison - 1858 (Author)
King Arthur's Tomb - 1858 (Author)
Sir Franklin - November 1865 (Author)
The True Story of Guenever - June 15, 1876 (Author)
Of Joyous Gard - 1890 (Author)
Rosenthal's Elaine - 1876 (Author)
Rhys, Ernest (1859 - 1946)
Lancelot - 1920 (Author)
Sir Tarquin - 1829 (Author)
God's Graal - 1911 (Author)
Sayers, Dorothy L. (1893 - 1957)
The Elder Knight - 1916 (Author)
The Farewell of Ganore - 1869 (Author)
Pastoral of Lancelot - 1899 (Author)
King Ban: A Fragment - 1915 (Author)
Lancelot - 1918 (Author)
Teasdale, Sara (1884 - 1933)
Guenevere - 1911 (Author)
Van Dyke, Henry (1852 - 1933)
The Mill - November 1902 (Author)
Elaine: A Poetic Drama - 1923 (Author)
Weston, Jessie (1850 - 1928)
Westwood, Thomas (c. 1814 - 1888)
Ballad of Sir Launcelot - 1886 (Author)
The Death of Guinevere - 1886 (Author)
Young, Stark (1881 - 1963)