Bliocadran: Introduction

1. Lenora Wolfgang, ed., Bliocadran, A Prologue to the Perceval of Chrétien de Troyes, Edition and Critical Study (Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1976) (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie, 150).

2. In Alfons Hilka, ed., Der Percevalroman (Li Contes del Graal) von Christian von Troyes (Halle: Niemeyer, 1932). This edition contains the Perceval, the Elucidation, the Bliocadran Prologue, and the 1530 Prose Perceval.

3. The gaste forest is not at first a proper name in Chrétien. It gradually takes on the significance of a real place and is capitalized. I prefer to see the translator keep the Old French gaste forest in his translation of the Bliocadran, although "waste forest" is acceptable.

4. Albert W. Thompson, the editor of the other prologue to the Perceval, the Elucidation, found that the Bliocadran was "an excellent beginning to Chrétien's poem." See his "Additions to Chrétien's Perceval—Prologues and Continuations," in Roger Sherman Loomis, ed., Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959), pp.211-12.

5. Richard O'Gorman, Joseph d'Arimathie, Robert de Boron, Roman de l'Estoire du Graal (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1995).

6. William A. Nitze and T. Atkinson Jenkins, eds., Le Haut Livre du Graal, Perlesvaus (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1932-37).

7. Arthur Thomas Hatto, trans., Wolfram von Eschenbach, Parzival (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, l980).

8. Mario Roques, ed. Les Romans de Chrétien de Troyes. Erec et Enide, vol.1. (Paris: Champion, 1952) (Classiques Français du Moyen Age, 80).

9. Albert W. Thompson, ed., The Elucidation, a Prologue to the Conte del Graal (New York: Publications of the Institute of French Studies, 1931).

10. William Roach, ed.,The Continuations of the Old French Perceval of Chrétien de Troyes, 4 vols. (Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1949-71). See vol. IV, note to lines 29351-57.

11. G. D. West, An Index of Proper Names in French Arthurian Verse Romances, 1150-1300 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1969).

12. Heinrich Oskar Sommer, ed., The Vulgate Version of the Arthurian Romances, 7 vols. (Washington, D.C., 1908-16; repr., 1969). See also Alexandre Micha, ed., Lancelot, roman en prose, 9 vols. (Geneva: Droz, 1978-83); and Norris J. Lacy, ed., Lancelot-Grail: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate in Translation, 5 vols. (New York: Garland, 1993-96).


Bliocadran: Introduction

from: The Camelot Project  2008

The Bliocadran Prologue is an 800-verse prologue to the Conte du Graal (Perceval) of Chrétien de Troyes, preserved in two thirteenth-century manuscripts that also preserve the Perceval. In the Bliocadran, Perceval's father, unnamed by Chrétien, is called Bliocadran.